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So[a] the woman gave birth to a son, a male child,[b] who is going to rule[c] over all the nations[d] with an iron rod.[e] Her[f] child was suddenly caught up to God and to his throne,

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Footnotes

  1. Revelation 12:5 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the conclusion of the anticipated birth.
  2. Revelation 12:5 tn On this term BDAG 135 s.v. ἄρσην states: “male…The neut. ἄρσεν Rv 12:5, difft. vs. 13, comes fr. Is 66:7 and is in apposition to υἱόν. On the juxtaposition s. FBoll, ZNW 15, 1914, 253; BOlsson, Glotta 23, ’34, 112.”
  3. Revelation 12:5 tn Grk “shepherd.”
  4. Revelation 12:5 tn Or “all the Gentiles” (the same Greek word may be translated “Gentiles” or “nations”).
  5. Revelation 12:5 tn Or “scepter.” The Greek term ῥάβδος (rhabdos) can mean either “rod” or “scepter.” sn An allusion to Ps 2:9 (see also Rev 2:27; 19:15).
  6. Revelation 12:5 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

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