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Redemption of the Tithe

30 “‘Any tithe[a] of the land, from the grain of the land or from the fruit of the trees, belongs to the Lord; it is holy to the Lord. 31 If a man redeems[b] part of his tithe, however, he must add one-fifth to it.[c] 32 All the tithe of herds or flocks, everything which passes under the rod, the tenth one will be holy to the Lord.[d] 33 The owner[e] must not examine the animals to distinguish between good and bad, and he must not exchange it. If, however, he does exchange it,[f] both the original animal[g] and its substitute will be holy[h] and must not be redeemed.’”

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Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 27:30 tn On the “tithe” system in Israel, see R. E. Averbeck, NIDOTTE 2:1035-55 and esp. pp. 1041-42 on Lev 27:30-33.
  2. Leviticus 27:31 tn Heb “And if redeeming [infinitive absolute] a man redeems [finite verb].” For the infinitive absolute used to highlight contrast rather than emphasis see GKC 343 §113.p.
  3. Leviticus 27:31 tn Heb “its one-fifth on it.”
  4. Leviticus 27:32 sn The tithed animal was the tenth one that passed under the shepherd’s rod or staff as they were being counted (see J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 485, and B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 200).
  5. Leviticus 27:33 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the owner of the animal) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  6. Leviticus 27:33 tn Heb “And if exchanging [infinitive absolute] he exchanges it [finite verb].” For the infinitive absolute used to highlight contrast rather than emphasis see GKC 343 §113.p.
  7. Leviticus 27:33 tn Heb “it and its substitute.” The referent (the original animal offered) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  8. Leviticus 27:33 tn Heb “it shall be and its substitute shall be holy.”

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