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20 You shall not have sexual relations with your neighbor’s wife,[a](A) defiling yourself with her.

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Footnotes

  1. 18:20 Adultery in the Hebrew Bible and the ancient Near East is intercourse between a married or betrothed woman and any male. In the Bible it is generally punishable by the death of both individuals (20:10; cf. Dt 22:22–27). Intercourse with an unmarried or unbetrothed woman is not prohibited but carries responsibilities and fines (cf. Ex 22:15–16; Dt 22:28–29). Cf. Lv 19:20–22.

10 [a]If a man commits adultery with his neighbor’s wife,(A) both the adulterer and the adulteress shall be put to death.

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Footnotes

  1. 20:10–21 See 18:6–23 and notes there. It appears that the inclusion of various penalties in 20:10–21 accounts for the different order of the cases here compared to the order found in 18:6–23. The reason why the offenses in 20:10–21 carry different penalties, however, is not clear. Perhaps the cases in vv. 17–21 were considered slightly less serious, being condemned but not criminally prosecuted.

22 If a man is discovered lying with a woman who is married to another, they both shall die, the man who was lying with the woman as well as the woman.(A) Thus shall you purge the evil from Israel.

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Teaching About Adultery. 27 [a]“You have heard that it was said,(A) ‘You shall not commit adultery.’

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Footnotes

  1. 5:27 See Ex 20:14; Dt 5:18.

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