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25 Now a dispute arose between the disciples of John and a Jew[a] about ceremonial washings.

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Footnotes

  1. 3:25 A Jew: some think Jesus is meant. Many manuscripts read “Jews.”

33 Should any of these creatures fall into a clay vessel, everything in it becomes unclean, and the vessel itself you must break.

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13 Yes, days are coming—
    oracle of the Lord
When the one who plows shall overtake the one who reaps
    and the vintager, the sower of the seed;
The mountains shall drip with the juice of grapes,
    and all the hills shall run with it.(A)
14 I will restore my people Israel,
    they shall rebuild and inhabit their ruined cities,
Plant vineyards and drink[a] the wine,
    set out gardens and eat the fruits.(B)

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Footnotes

  1. 9:14 Rebuild…inhabit…plant…drink: in this era of restoration, the Lord nullifies the curse of 5:11, which uses these same four verbs, and turns it into a blessing for Israel.

(A)“Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders?[a] They do not wash [their] hands when they eat a meal.”

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Footnotes

  1. 15:2 The tradition of the elders: see note on Mk 7:5. The purpose of the handwashing was to remove defilement caused by contact with what was ritually unclean.

25 [a](A)“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites. You cleanse the outside of cup and dish, but inside they are full of plunder and self-indulgence. 26 Blind Pharisee, cleanse first the inside of the cup, so that the outside also may be clean.

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Footnotes

  1. 23:25–26 The ritual washing of utensils for dining (cf. Mk 7:4) is turned into a metaphor illustrating a concern for appearances while inner purity is ignored. The scribes and Pharisees are compared to cups carefully washed on the outside but filthy within. Self-indulgence: the Greek word here translated means lack of self-control, whether in drinking or in sexual conduct.

they observed that some of his disciples ate their meals with unclean, that is, unwashed, hands. (For the Pharisees and, in fact, all Jews, do not eat without carefully washing their hands,[a] keeping the tradition of the elders. And on coming from the marketplace they do not eat without purifying themselves. And there are many other things that they have traditionally observed, the purification of cups and jugs and kettles [and beds].)

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Footnotes

  1. 7:3 Carefully washing their hands: refers to ritual purification.

38 The Pharisee was amazed to see that he did not observe the prescribed washing before the meal.(A)

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