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25 “Behold, the days are coming,” says the Lord, “that (A)I will punish all who are circumcised with the uncircumcised—

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26 Egypt, Judah, Edom, the people of Ammon, Moab, and all who are in the (A)farthest corners, who dwell in the wilderness. For all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are (B)uncircumcised in the heart.”

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Proclamation Against Egypt

29 In the tenth year, in the tenth month, on the twelfth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me, saying, “Son of man, (A)set your face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him, and (B)against all Egypt. Speak, and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God:

(C)“Behold, I am against you,
O Pharaoh king of Egypt,
O great (D)monster who lies in the midst of his rivers,
(E)Who has said, ‘My [a]River is my own;
I have made it for myself.’
But (F)I will put hooks in your jaws,
And cause the fish of your rivers to stick to your scales;
I will bring you up out of the midst of your rivers,
And all the fish in your rivers will stick to your scales.
I will leave you in the wilderness,
You and all the fish of your rivers;
You shall fall on the [b]open (G)field;
(H)You shall not be picked up or [c]gathered.
(I)I have given you as food
To the beasts of the field
And to the birds of the heavens.

“Then all the inhabitants of Egypt
Shall know that I am the Lord,
Because they have been a (J)staff of reed to the house of Israel.
(K)When they took hold of you with the hand,
You broke and tore all their [d]shoulders;
When they leaned on you,
You broke and made all their backs quiver.”

‘Therefore thus says the Lord God: “Surely I will bring (L)a sword upon you and cut off from you man and beast. And the land of Egypt shall become (M)desolate and waste; then they will know that I am the Lord, because he said, ‘The River is mine, and I have made it. 10 Indeed, therefore, I am against you and against your rivers, (N)and I will make the land of Egypt utterly waste and desolate, (O)from [e]Migdol to Syene, as far as the border of Ethiopia. 11 (P)Neither foot of man shall pass through it nor foot of beast pass through it, and it shall be uninhabited forty years. 12 (Q)I will make the land of Egypt desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate; and among the cities that are laid waste, her cities shall be desolate forty years; and I will (R)scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them throughout the countries.”

13 ‘Yet, thus says the Lord God: “At the (S)end of forty years I will gather the Egyptians from the peoples among whom they were scattered. 14 I will bring back the captives of Egypt and cause them to return to the land of Pathros, to the land of their origin, and there they shall be a (T)lowly kingdom. 15 It shall be the lowliest of kingdoms; it shall never again exalt itself above the nations, for I will diminish them so that they will not rule over the nations anymore. 16 No longer shall it be (U)the confidence of the house of Israel, but will remind them of their iniquity when they turned to follow them. Then they shall know that I am the Lord God.” ’ ”

Babylonia Will Plunder Egypt

17 And it came to pass in the twenty-seventh year, in the first month, on the first day of the month, that the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 18 “Son of man, (V)Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon caused his army to labor strenuously against Tyre; every head was made (W)bald, and every shoulder rubbed raw; yet neither he nor his army received wages from Tyre, for the labor which they expended on it. 19 Therefore thus says the Lord God: ‘Surely I will give the land of Egypt to (X)Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; he shall take away her wealth, carry off her spoil, and remove her pillage; and that will be the wages for his army. 20 I have given him the land of Egypt for his labor, because they (Y)worked for Me,’ says the Lord God.

21 ‘In that day (Z)I will cause the [f]horn of the house of Israel to spring forth, and I will (AA)open your mouth to speak in their midst. Then they shall know that I am the Lord.’ ”

Egypt and Her Allies Will Fall

30 The word of the Lord came to me again, saying, “Son of man, prophesy and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God:

(AB)“Wail, ‘Woe to the day!’
For (AC)the day is near,
Even the day of the Lord is near;
It will be a day of clouds, the time of the Gentiles.
The sword shall come upon Egypt,
And great anguish shall be in [g]Ethiopia,
When the slain fall in Egypt,
And they (AD)take away her wealth,
And (AE)her foundations are broken down.

“Ethiopia, [h]Libya, [i]Lydia, (AF)all the mingled people, Chub, and the men of the lands who are allied, shall fall with them by the sword.”

‘Thus says the Lord:

“Those who uphold Egypt shall fall,
And the pride of her power shall come down.
(AG)From [j]Migdol to Syene
Those within her shall fall by the sword,”
Says the Lord God.

“They(AH) shall be desolate in the midst of the desolate countries,
And her cities shall be in the midst of the cities that are laid waste.
Then they will know that I am the Lord,
When I have set a fire in Egypt
And all her helpers are destroyed.
On that day (AI)messengers shall go forth from Me in ships
To make the [k]careless Ethiopians afraid,
And great anguish shall come upon them,
As on the day of Egypt;
For indeed it is coming!”

10 ‘Thus says the Lord God:

(AJ)“I will also make a multitude of Egypt to cease
By the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon.
11 He and his people with him, (AK)the most terrible of the nations,
Shall be brought to destroy the land;
They shall draw their swords against Egypt,
And fill the land with the slain.
12 (AL)I will make the rivers dry,
And (AM)sell the land into the hand of the wicked;
I will make the land waste, and all that is in it,
By the hand of aliens.
I, the Lord, have spoken.”

13 ‘Thus says the Lord God:

“I will also (AN)destroy the idols,
And cause the images to cease from [l]Noph;
(AO)There shall no longer be princes from the land of Egypt;
(AP)I will put fear in the land of Egypt.
14 I will make (AQ)Pathros desolate,
Set fire to (AR)Zoan,
(AS)And execute judgments in [m]No.
15 I will pour My fury on [n]Sin, the strength of Egypt;
(AT)I will cut off the multitude of [o]No,
16 And (AU)set a fire in Egypt;
Sin shall have great pain,
No shall be split open,
And Noph shall be in distress daily.
17 The young men of [p]Aven and Pi Beseth shall fall by the sword,
And these cities shall go into captivity.
18 (AV)At [q]Tehaphnehes the day shall also be [r]darkened,
When I break the yokes of Egypt there.
And her arrogant strength shall cease in her;
As for her, a cloud shall cover her,
And her daughters shall go into captivity.
19 Thus I will (AW)execute judgments on Egypt,
Then they shall know that I am the Lord.” ’ ”


  1. Ezekiel 29:3 The Nile
  2. Ezekiel 29:5 Lit. face of the field
  3. Ezekiel 29:5 So with MT, LXX, Vg.; some Heb. mss., Tg. buried
  4. Ezekiel 29:7 So with MT, Vg.; LXX, Syr. hand
  5. Ezekiel 29:10 Or the tower
  6. Ezekiel 29:21 Strength
  7. Ezekiel 30:4 Heb. Cush
  8. Ezekiel 30:5 Heb. Put
  9. Ezekiel 30:5 Heb. Lud
  10. Ezekiel 30:6 Or the tower
  11. Ezekiel 30:9 Or secure
  12. Ezekiel 30:13 Ancient Memphis
  13. Ezekiel 30:14 Ancient Thebes
  14. Ezekiel 30:15 Ancient Pelusium
  15. Ezekiel 30:15 Ancient Thebes
  16. Ezekiel 30:17 Ancient On, Heliopolis
  17. Ezekiel 30:18 Tahpanhes, Jer. 43:7
  18. Ezekiel 30:18 So with many Heb. mss., Bg., LXX, Syr., Tg., Vg.; MT refrained

19 “Egypt shall be a desolation,
And Edom a desolate wilderness,
Because of violence against the people of Judah,
For they have shed innocent blood in their land.

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