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A Message Concerning Moab

48 Concerning Moab, thus says Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel:

“Woe to Nebo,
    for it is devastated.
It is ashamed,
    Kiriathaim is captured.
Misgab is ashamed,
    and it is filled with terror.
The glory of Moab is no longer.
    In Heshbon they planned evil against her.
Come and let us cut her off from being a nation.
Also, Madmen, you will be silent.
    After you will go the sword.
The sound of a cry of distress arises from Horonaim,
    devastation and great destruction.
Moab is broken,
    her little ones make heard[a] a cry for help.
For the ascent of Luhith,
    in weeping they go weeping,
For on the slope of Horonaim they have heard
    the distresses of the cry of distress of the destruction.
Flee! Save your life!
    For[b] you must not be like the juniper tree in the desert.
For because of your trusting in your works and in your treasures,
    even you yourselves will be taken,
and Chemosh will go out into the exile,
    his priests and his officials together.
And the destroyer will come to every town,
    and a town will not escape.
And the valley will be destroyed,
    and the plain will be destroyed, as Yahweh has spoken.
Give salt for Moab,
    for certainly she will go to ruin,
and her towns will become as a desolation,
    without[c] an inhabitant in them.
10 The one who does the work of Yahweh with slackness is cursed,
    and the one who keeps away blood from his sword is cursed.
11 Moab has been at ease from his youth,
    and he has been quiet on his dregs,
    and he has not been poured out from vessel to vessel,
    and he has not gone into exile.
Therefore[d] his taste has remained unchanged,
    and his fragrance has not changed.
12 Therefore[e] look, days are coming,” declares[f] Yahweh,
    “and I will send to him decanters,[g]
    and they will decant him,
    and his vessels they will empty out,
    and their jars they will smash.
13 Then Moab will be ashamed of Chemosh,
    just as the house of Israel were ashamed of Bethel, their trust.
14 How can you say, ‘we are warriors,
    and men of might for the battle.’
15 Moab is destroyed,
    and his towns have gone up,
and the choice of his young men have gone down to the slaughtering,”
    declares[h] the King, Yahweh of hosts is his name.
16 “The disaster of Moab is near to come,
    and his disaster approaches very quickly.[i]
17 Mourn for him, all his surroundings,
    and all those who knew his name.
Say, ‘How the staff of might is broken,
    the staff of glory.’
18 Come down from glory and sit on the parched ground,
    O inhabitant, daughter of Dibon,
for the destroyer of Moab has come up against you,
    he has destroyed your fortifications.
19 Stand by the road and watch,
    O inhabitant of Aroer.
Ask the man who is fleeing and the woman who is escaping,
    say, ‘What has happened?’
20 Moab is ashamed,
    for it is filled with terror.
Wail and cry out,
    tell it by Arnon that Moab is devastated.

21 Judgment has also come to the land of the plain, to Holon, and to Jahaz, and on Mephaath, 22 and on Dibon, and on Nebo, and on Beth-diblathaim, 23 and on Kiriathaim, and on Beth-gamul, and on Beth-meon, 24 and on Kerioth, and on Bozrah, and on all the towns of the land of Moab, the far and the near. 25 The horn of Moab is cut off and his arm is broken,” declares[j] Yahweh.

26 “Make him drunk,
    because he magnified himself against Yahweh,
and let Moab wallow in his vomit.
    And he also will become a laughingstock.
27 Now was not Israel the laughingstock to you?
    Or was he found among thieves?
For as often as[k] you spoke over him
    you shook your head.
28 Leave the towns and dwell on the rock,
    O inhabitants of Moab,
and be like the dove,
    it nests on the sides of the mouth of a ravine.
29 We have heard of the pride of Moab
    he is very proud—
his height, and his pride, and his arrogance,
    and the haughtiness of his heart.
30 I know his insolence,” declares[l] Yahweh,
    “and his boastings are false;[m]
    they act falsely.[n]
31 Therefore[o] over Moab I wail,
    and for all of Moab I cry out,
    for the people[p] of Kir-heres I moan.
32 More than the weeping of Jazer
    I weep for you, O vine Sibmah.
Your branches cross over the sea,
    up to the sea of Jazer they reach.
Upon your summer fruit and upon your vintage
    the destroyer has fallen.
33 And joy and rejoicing have been taken away from the fruitful land,
    even from the land of Moab.
And the wine from the wine presses
    I have caused to disappear.
He will not tread with exuberant shouts.[q]
    Exuberant shouts[r] will not be exuberant shouts.[s]
34 From the cry for help of Heshbon, up to Elealeh,
    up to Jahaz, they give their voice,
from Zoar up to Horonaim, up to Eglath-shelishiyah,
    for even the waters of Nimrim have become as a desolation.
35 And I will cause to disappear for Moab,” declares[t] Yahweh,
    the one who presents a sacrifice at a high place,
    and the one who burns a smoke offering to his gods.
36 Therefore[u] my heart moans for Moab like the flute.[v]
    It moans for the people[w] of Kir-heres like the flute.[x]
    Therefore[y] the wealth they gained has perished.
37 For on every head is baldness,
    and every beard is trimmed.
On all the hands, slashes,
    and on the loins, sackcloth.
38 On all the roofs of Moab, and in its public squares,
    there is wailing everywhere.
For I have broken Moab like a vessel,
    there is no delight in it,” declares[z] Yahweh.
39 “How it is filled with terror! How they wail!
    How Moab has turned his back! He is disgraced!
So Moab has become as a derision,
    and as a terror for all his surrounding peoples.”

40 For thus says Yahweh,

“Look, like an eagle he will swoop down,
    and he will spread out his wings against Moab.
41 Kerioth will be taken,
    and the strongholds will be conquered,
and the hearts[aa] of the warriors of Moab will be on that day
    like the heart of a woman who is in labor.
42 And Moab will be destroyed from being a people,
    because against Yahweh he magnified himself.
43 Dread, and pit, and a trapping net are against you,
    O inhabitant of Moab,” declares[ab] Yahweh.
44 “He who flees before[ac] the dread
    will fall into the pit,
and the one who climbs up from the pit
    will be caught in the trapping net,
for I will bring on Moab
    the year of their punishment,” declares[ad] Yahweh.
45 “In the shadow of Heshbon
    fugitives stand without strength,
for a fire has gone out from Heshbon,
    and a flame from Sihon.
And it has eaten the forehead of Moab,
    and the skulls[ae] of the people[af] of tumult.
46 Woe to you, Moab!
    The people of Chemosh have perished.
For your sons have been taken into captivity,
    and your daughters into captivity.
47 Yet I will restore the fortunes[ag] of Moab
    in the last of the days,” declares[ah] Yahweh.

Thus far[ai] is the judgment of Moab.


  1. Jeremiah 48:4 Literally “cause to hear”
  2. Jeremiah 48:6 Literally “And”
  3. Jeremiah 48:9 Literally “from there is not”
  4. Jeremiah 48:11 Literally “Unto thus”
  5. Jeremiah 48:12 Literally “To thus”
  6. Jeremiah 48:12 Literally “a declaration of”
  7. Jeremiah 48:12 Literally “those who tilt”
  8. Jeremiah 48:15 Literally “a declaration of”
  9. Jeremiah 48:16 Literally “hastens greatly”
  10. Jeremiah 48:25 Literally “a declaration of”
  11. Jeremiah 48:27 Literally “from enough”
  12. Jeremiah 48:30 Literally “a declaration of”
  13. Jeremiah 48:30 Literally “not right”
  14. Jeremiah 48:30 Literally “not right”
  15. Jeremiah 48:31 Literally “Unto thus”
  16. Jeremiah 48:31 Or “men”
  17. Jeremiah 48:33 Hebrew “exuberant shout”
  18. Jeremiah 48:33 Hebrew “Exuberant shout”
  19. Jeremiah 48:33 Hebrew “exuberant shout”
  20. Jeremiah 48:35 Literally “a declaration of”
  21. Jeremiah 48:36 Literally “Unto thus”
  22. Jeremiah 48:36 Hebrew “flutes”
  23. Jeremiah 48:36 Or “men”
  24. Jeremiah 48:36 Hebrew “flutes”
  25. Jeremiah 48:36 Literally “Unto thus”
  26. Jeremiah 48:38 Literally “a declaration of”
  27. Jeremiah 48:41 Hebrew “heart”
  28. Jeremiah 48:43 Literally “a declaration of”
  29. Jeremiah 48:44 Literally “from the face of”
  30. Jeremiah 48:44 Literally “a declaration of”
  31. Jeremiah 48:45 Hebrew “skull”
  32. Jeremiah 48:45 Or “sons”
  33. Jeremiah 48:47 Hebrew “fortune”
  34. Jeremiah 48:47 Literally “a declaration of”
  35. Jeremiah 48:47 Literally “Up to here”

A Message About Moab(A)

48 Concerning Moab:(B)

This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says:

“Woe to Nebo,(C) for it will be ruined.
    Kiriathaim(D) will be disgraced and captured;
    the stronghold[a] will be disgraced and shattered.
Moab will be praised(E) no more;
    in Heshbon[b](F) people will plot her downfall:
    ‘Come, let us put an end to that nation.’(G)
You, the people of Madmen,[c] will also be silenced;
    the sword will pursue you.
Cries of anguish arise from Horonaim,(H)
    cries of great havoc and destruction.
Moab will be broken;
    her little ones will cry out.[d]
They go up the hill to Luhith,(I)
    weeping bitterly as they go;
on the road down to Horonaim(J)
    anguished cries over the destruction are heard.
Flee!(K) Run for your lives;
    become like a bush[e] in the desert.(L)
Since you trust in your deeds and riches,(M)
    you too will be taken captive,
and Chemosh(N) will go into exile,(O)
    together with his priests and officials.(P)
The destroyer(Q) will come against every town,
    and not a town will escape.
The valley will be ruined
    and the plateau(R) destroyed,
    because the Lord has spoken.
Put salt(S) on Moab,
    for she will be laid waste[f];(T)
her towns will become desolate,
    with no one to live in them.

10 “A curse on anyone who is lax in doing the Lord’s work!
    A curse on anyone who keeps their sword(U) from bloodshed!(V)

11 “Moab has been at rest(W) from youth,
    like wine left on its dregs,(X)
not poured from one jar to another—
    she has not gone into exile.
So she tastes as she did,
    and her aroma is unchanged.
12 But days are coming,”
    declares the Lord,
“when I will send men who pour from pitchers,
    and they will pour her out;
they will empty her pitchers
    and smash her jars.
13 Then Moab will be ashamed(Y) of Chemosh,(Z)
    as Israel was ashamed
    when they trusted in Bethel.(AA)

14 “How can you say, ‘We are warriors,(AB)
    men valiant in battle’?
15 Moab will be destroyed and her towns invaded;
    her finest young men(AC) will go down in the slaughter,(AD)
    declares the King,(AE) whose name is the Lord Almighty.(AF)
16 “The fall of Moab is at hand;(AG)
    her calamity will come quickly.
17 Mourn for her, all who live around her,
    all who know her fame;(AH)
say, ‘How broken is the mighty scepter,(AI)
    how broken the glorious staff!’

18 “Come down from your glory
    and sit on the parched ground,(AJ)
    you inhabitants of Daughter Dibon,(AK)
for the one who destroys Moab
    will come up against you
    and ruin your fortified cities.(AL)
19 Stand by the road and watch,
    you who live in Aroer.(AM)
Ask the man fleeing and the woman escaping,
    ask them, ‘What has happened?’
20 Moab is disgraced, for she is shattered.
    Wail(AN) and cry out!
Announce by the Arnon(AO)
    that Moab is destroyed.
21 Judgment has come to the plateau(AP)
    to Holon,(AQ) Jahzah(AR) and Mephaath,(AS)
22     to Dibon,(AT) Nebo(AU) and Beth Diblathaim,
23     to Kiriathaim,(AV) Beth Gamul and Beth Meon,(AW)
24     to Kerioth(AX) and Bozrah(AY)
    to all the towns(AZ) of Moab, far and near.
25 Moab’s horn[g](BA) is cut off;
    her arm(BB) is broken,”
declares the Lord.

26 “Make her drunk,(BC)
    for she has defied(BD) the Lord.
Let Moab wallow in her vomit;(BE)
    let her be an object of ridicule.(BF)
27 Was not Israel the object of your ridicule?(BG)
    Was she caught among thieves,(BH)
that you shake your head(BI) in scorn(BJ)
    whenever you speak of her?
28 Abandon your towns and dwell among the rocks,
    you who live in Moab.
Be like a dove(BK) that makes its nest
    at the mouth of a cave.(BL)

29 “We have heard of Moab’s pride(BM)
    how great is her arrogance!—
of her insolence, her pride, her conceit
    and the haughtiness(BN) of her heart.
30 I know her insolence but it is futile,”
declares the Lord,
    “and her boasts(BO) accomplish nothing.
31 Therefore I wail(BP) over Moab,
    for all Moab I cry out,
    I moan for the people of Kir Hareseth.(BQ)
32 I weep for you, as Jazer(BR) weeps,
    you vines of Sibmah.(BS)
Your branches spread as far as the sea[h];
    they reached as far as[i] Jazer.
The destroyer has fallen
    on your ripened fruit and grapes.
33 Joy and gladness are gone
    from the orchards and fields of Moab.
I have stopped the flow of wine(BT) from the presses;
    no one treads them with shouts of joy.(BU)
Although there are shouts,
    they are not shouts of joy.

34 “The sound of their cry rises
    from Heshbon(BV) to Elealeh(BW) and Jahaz,(BX)
from Zoar(BY) as far as Horonaim(BZ) and Eglath Shelishiyah,
    for even the waters of Nimrim are dried up.(CA)
35 In Moab I will put an end
    to those who make offerings on the high places(CB)
    and burn incense(CC) to their gods,”
declares the Lord.
36 “So my heart laments(CD) for Moab like the music of a pipe;
    it laments like a pipe for the people of Kir Hareseth.(CE)
    The wealth they acquired(CF) is gone.
37 Every head is shaved(CG)
    and every beard(CH) cut off;
every hand is slashed
    and every waist is covered with sackcloth.(CI)
38 On all the roofs in Moab
    and in the public squares(CJ)
there is nothing but mourning,
    for I have broken Moab
    like a jar(CK) that no one wants,”
declares the Lord.
39 “How shattered(CL) she is! How they wail!
    How Moab turns her back in shame!
Moab has become an object of ridicule,(CM)
    an object of horror to all those around her.”

40 This is what the Lord says:

“Look! An eagle is swooping(CN) down,
    spreading its wings(CO) over Moab.
41 Kerioth[j](CP) will be captured
    and the strongholds taken.
In that day the hearts of Moab’s warriors(CQ)
    will be like the heart of a woman in labor.(CR)
42 Moab will be destroyed(CS) as a nation(CT)
    because she defied(CU) the Lord.
43 Terror(CV) and pit and snare(CW) await you,
    you people of Moab,”
declares the Lord.
44 “Whoever flees(CX) from the terror
    will fall into a pit,
whoever climbs out of the pit
    will be caught in a snare;
for I will bring on Moab
    the year(CY) of her punishment,”
declares the Lord.

45 “In the shadow of Heshbon
    the fugitives stand helpless,
for a fire has gone out from Heshbon,
    a blaze from the midst of Sihon;(CZ)
it burns the foreheads of Moab,
    the skulls(DA) of the noisy boasters.
46 Woe to you, Moab!(DB)
    The people of Chemosh are destroyed;
your sons are taken into exile
    and your daughters into captivity.

47 “Yet I will restore(DC) the fortunes of Moab
    in days to come,”
declares the Lord.

Here ends the judgment on Moab.


  1. Jeremiah 48:1 Or captured; / Misgab
  2. Jeremiah 48:2 The Hebrew for Heshbon sounds like the Hebrew for plot.
  3. Jeremiah 48:2 The name of the Moabite town Madmen sounds like the Hebrew for be silenced.
  4. Jeremiah 48:4 Hebrew; Septuagint / proclaim it to Zoar
  5. Jeremiah 48:6 Or like Aroer
  6. Jeremiah 48:9 Or Give wings to Moab, / for she will fly away
  7. Jeremiah 48:25 Horn here symbolizes strength.
  8. Jeremiah 48:32 Probably the Dead Sea
  9. Jeremiah 48:32 Two Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts as far as the Sea of
  10. Jeremiah 48:41 Or The cities

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