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31 The Lord says,[a] “Army of Babylon,[b] go and attack
a nation that lives in peace and security.
They have no gates or walls to protect them.[c]
They live all alone.

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  1. Jeremiah 49:31 tn Heb “Oracle of the Lord.”
  2. Jeremiah 49:31 tn The words “Army of Babylon” are not in the text but are implicit from the context. They are supplied in the translation for clarity.
  3. Jeremiah 49:31 tn Heb “no gates and no bar,” i.e., “that lives securely without gates or bars.” The phrase is used by the figure of species for genus (synecdoche) to refer to the fact that they have no defenses, i.e., no walls, gates, or bars on the gates. The figure has been interpreted in the translation for the benefit of the average reader.

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