A Prophecy Against Babylon

13 A prophecy(A) against Babylon(B) that Isaiah son of Amoz(C) saw:(D)

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19 Babylon,(A) the jewel of kingdoms,(B)
    the pride and glory(C) of the Babylonians,[a]
will be overthrown(D) by God
    like Sodom and Gomorrah.(E)

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Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 13:19 Or Chaldeans
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The Fall of Babylon

47 “Go down, sit in the dust,(A)
    Virgin Daughter(B) Babylon;
sit on the ground without a throne,
    queen city of the Babylonians.[a](C)
No more will you be called
    tender or delicate.(D)
Take millstones(E) and grind(F) flour;
    take off your veil.(G)
Lift up your skirts,(H) bare your legs,
    and wade through the streams.
Your nakedness(I) will be exposed
    and your shame(J) uncovered.
I will take vengeance;(K)
    I will spare no one.(L)

Our Redeemer(M)—the Lord Almighty(N) is his name(O)
    is the Holy One(P) of Israel.

“Sit in silence,(Q) go into darkness,(R)
    queen city of the Babylonians;(S)
no more will you be called
    queen(T) of kingdoms.(U)
I was angry(V) with my people
    and desecrated my inheritance;(W)
I gave them into your hand,(X)
    and you showed them no mercy.(Y)
Even on the aged
    you laid a very heavy yoke.
You said, ‘I am forever(Z)
    the eternal queen!’(AA)
But you did not consider these things
    or reflect(AB) on what might happen.(AC)

“Now then, listen, you lover of pleasure,
    lounging in your security(AD)
and saying to yourself,
    ‘I am, and there is none besides me.(AE)
I will never be a widow(AF)
    or suffer the loss of children.’
Both of these will overtake you
    in a moment,(AG) on a single day:
    loss of children(AH) and widowhood.(AI)
They will come upon you in full measure,
    in spite of your many sorceries(AJ)
    and all your potent spells.(AK)
10 You have trusted(AL) in your wickedness
    and have said, ‘No one sees me.’(AM)
Your wisdom(AN) and knowledge mislead(AO) you
    when you say to yourself,
    ‘I am, and there is none besides me.’
11 Disaster(AP) will come upon you,
    and you will not know how to conjure it away.
A calamity will fall upon you
    that you cannot ward off with a ransom;
a catastrophe you cannot foresee
    will suddenly(AQ) come upon you.

12 “Keep on, then, with your magic spells
    and with your many sorceries,(AR)
    which you have labored at since childhood.
Perhaps you will succeed,
    perhaps you will cause terror.
13 All the counsel you have received has only worn you out!(AS)
    Let your astrologers(AT) come forward,
those stargazers who make predictions month by month,
    let them save(AU) you from what is coming upon you.
14 Surely they are like stubble;(AV)
    the fire(AW) will burn them up.
They cannot even save themselves
    from the power of the flame.(AX)
These are not coals for warmth;
    this is not a fire to sit by.
15 That is all they are to you—
    these you have dealt with
    and labored(AY) with since childhood.
All of them go on in their error;
    there is not one that can save(AZ) you.

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Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 47:1 Or Chaldeans; also in verse 5
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12 “But when the seventy years(A) are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon(B) and his nation, the land of the Babylonians,[a] for their guilt,” declares the Lord, “and will make it desolate(C) forever.

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Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 25:12 Or Chaldeans
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26 and all the kings of the north,(A) near and far, one after the other—all the kingdoms(B) on the face of the earth. And after all of them, the king of Sheshak[a](C) will drink it too.

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Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 25:26 Sheshak is a cryptogram for Babylon.
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A Message About Babylon(A)

50 This is the word the Lord spoke through Jeremiah the prophet concerning Babylon(B) and the land of the Babylonians[a]:

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Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 50:1 Or Chaldeans; also in verses 8, 25, 35 and 45
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“Announce and proclaim(A) among the nations,
    lift up a banner(B) and proclaim it;
    keep nothing back, but say,
‘Babylon will be captured;(C)
    Bel(D) will be put to shame,(E)
    Marduk(F) filled with terror.
Her images will be put to shame
    and her idols(G) filled with terror.’
A nation from the north(H) will attack her
    and lay waste her land.
No one will live(I) in it;
    both people and animals(J) will flee away.

“In those days, at that time,”
    declares the Lord,
“the people of Israel and the people of Judah together(K)
    will go in tears(L) to seek(M) the Lord their God.
They will ask the way(N) to Zion
    and turn their faces toward it.
They will come(O) and bind themselves to the Lord
    in an everlasting covenant(P)
    that will not be forgotten.

“My people have been lost sheep;(Q)
    their shepherds(R) have led them astray(S)
    and caused them to roam on the mountains.
They wandered over mountain and hill(T)
    and forgot their own resting place.(U)
Whoever found them devoured(V) them;
    their enemies said, ‘We are not guilty,(W)
for they sinned against the Lord, their verdant pasture,
    the Lord, the hope(X) of their ancestors.’

“Flee(Y) out of Babylon;(Z)
    leave the land of the Babylonians,
    and be like the goats that lead the flock.
For I will stir(AA) up and bring against Babylon
    an alliance of great nations(AB) from the land of the north.(AC)
They will take up their positions against her,
    and from the north she will be captured.(AD)
Their arrows(AE) will be like skilled warriors
    who do not return empty-handed.
10 So Babylonia[a] will be plundered;(AF)
    all who plunder her will have their fill,”
declares the Lord.

11 “Because you rejoice and are glad,
    you who pillage my inheritance,(AG)
because you frolic like a heifer(AH) threshing grain
    and neigh like stallions,
12 your mother will be greatly ashamed;
    she who gave you birth will be disgraced.(AI)
She will be the least of the nations—
    a wilderness, a dry land, a desert.(AJ)
13 Because of the Lord’s anger she will not be inhabited
    but will be completely desolate.(AK)
All who pass Babylon will be appalled;(AL)
    they will scoff(AM) because of all her wounds.(AN)

14 “Take up your positions around Babylon,
    all you who draw the bow.(AO)
Shoot at her! Spare no arrows,(AP)
    for she has sinned against the Lord.
15 Shout(AQ) against her on every side!
    She surrenders, her towers fall,
    her walls(AR) are torn down.
Since this is the vengeance(AS) of the Lord,
    take vengeance on her;
    do to her(AT) as she has done to others.(AU)
16 Cut off from Babylon the sower,
    and the reaper with his sickle at harvest.
Because of the sword(AV) of the oppressor
    let everyone return to their own people,(AW)
    let everyone flee to their own land.(AX)

17 “Israel is a scattered flock(AY)
    that lions(AZ) have chased away.
The first to devour(BA) them
    was the king(BB) of Assyria;
the last to crush their bones(BC)
    was Nebuchadnezzar(BD) king(BE) of Babylon.”

18 Therefore this is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says:

“I will punish the king of Babylon and his land
    as I punished the king(BF) of Assyria.(BG)
19 But I will bring(BH) Israel back to their own pasture,
    and they will graze on Carmel and Bashan;
their appetite will be satisfied(BI)
    on the hills(BJ) of Ephraim and Gilead.(BK)
20 In those days, at that time,”
    declares the Lord,
“search will be made for Israel’s guilt,
    but there will be none,(BL)
and for the sins(BM) of Judah,
    but none will be found,
    for I will forgive(BN) the remnant(BO) I spare.

21 “Attack the land of Merathaim
    and those who live in Pekod.(BP)
Pursue, kill and completely destroy[b] them,”
declares the Lord.
    “Do everything I have commanded you.
22 The noise(BQ) of battle is in the land,
    the noise of great destruction!
23 How broken and shattered
    is the hammer(BR) of the whole earth!(BS)
How desolate(BT) is Babylon
    among the nations!
24 I set a trap(BU) for you, Babylon,
    and you were caught before you knew it;
you were found and captured(BV)
    because you opposed(BW) the Lord.
25 The Lord has opened his arsenal
    and brought out the weapons(BX) of his wrath,
for the Sovereign Lord Almighty has work to do
    in the land of the Babylonians.(BY)
26 Come against her from afar.(BZ)
    Break open her granaries;
    pile her up like heaps of grain.(CA)
Completely destroy(CB) her
    and leave her no remnant.
27 Kill all her young bulls;(CC)
    let them go down to the slaughter!(CD)
Woe to them! For their day(CE) has come,
    the time(CF) for them to be punished.
28 Listen to the fugitives(CG) and refugees from Babylon
    declaring in Zion(CH)
how the Lord our God has taken vengeance,(CI)
    vengeance for his temple.(CJ)

29 “Summon archers against Babylon,
    all those who draw the bow.(CK)
Encamp all around her;
    let no one escape.(CL)
Repay(CM) her for her deeds;(CN)
    do to her as she has done.
For she has defied(CO) the Lord,
    the Holy One(CP) of Israel.
30 Therefore, her young men(CQ) will fall in the streets;
    all her soldiers will be silenced in that day,”
declares the Lord.
31 “See, I am against(CR) you, you arrogant one,”
    declares the Lord, the Lord Almighty,
“for your day(CS) has come,
    the time for you to be punished.
32 The arrogant(CT) one will stumble and fall(CU)
    and no one will help her up;(CV)
I will kindle a fire(CW) in her towns
    that will consume all who are around her.”

33 This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“The people of Israel are oppressed,(CX)
    and the people of Judah as well.
All their captors hold them fast,
    refusing to let them go.(CY)
34 Yet their Redeemer(CZ) is strong;
    the Lord Almighty(DA) is his name.
He will vigorously defend their cause(DB)
    so that he may bring rest(DC) to their land,
    but unrest to those who live in Babylon.

35 “A sword(DD) against the Babylonians!”(DE)
    declares the Lord
“against those who live in Babylon
    and against her officials and wise(DF) men!
36 A sword against her false prophets!
    They will become fools.
A sword against her warriors!(DG)
    They will be filled with terror.(DH)
37 A sword against her horses and chariots(DI)
    and all the foreigners in her ranks!
    They will become weaklings.(DJ)
A sword against her treasures!(DK)
    They will be plundered.
38 A drought on[c] her waters!(DL)
    They will dry(DM) up.
For it is a land of idols,(DN)
    idols that will go mad with terror.

39 “So desert creatures(DO) and hyenas will live there,
    and there the owl will dwell.
It will never again be inhabited
    or lived in from generation to generation.(DP)
40 As I overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah(DQ)
    along with their neighboring towns,”
declares the Lord,
“so no one will live there;
    no people will dwell in it.(DR)

41 “Look! An army is coming from the north;(DS)
    a great nation and many kings
    are being stirred(DT) up from the ends of the earth.(DU)
42 They are armed with bows(DV) and spears;
    they are cruel(DW) and without mercy.(DX)
They sound like the roaring sea(DY)
    as they ride on their horses;
they come like men in battle formation
    to attack you, Daughter Babylon.(DZ)
43 The king of Babylon has heard reports about them,
    and his hands hang limp.(EA)
Anguish has gripped him,
    pain like that of a woman in labor.(EB)
44 Like a lion coming up from Jordan’s thickets(EC)
    to a rich pastureland,
I will chase Babylon from its land in an instant.
    Who is the chosen(ED) one I will appoint for this?
Who is like me and who can challenge me?(EE)
    And what shepherd can stand against me?”

45 Therefore, hear what the Lord has planned against Babylon,
    what he has purposed(EF) against the land of the Babylonians:(EG)
The young of the flock will be dragged away;
    their pasture will be appalled at their fate.
46 At the sound of Babylon’s capture the earth will tremble;(EH)
    its cry(EI) will resound among the nations.

51 This is what the Lord says:

“See, I will stir(EJ) up the spirit of a destroyer
    against Babylon(EK) and the people of Leb Kamai.[d]
I will send foreigners(EL) to Babylon
    to winnow(EM) her and to devastate her land;
they will oppose her on every side
    in the day(EN) of her disaster.
Let not the archer string his bow,(EO)
    nor let him put on his armor.(EP)
Do not spare her young men;
    completely destroy[e] her army.
They will fall(EQ) down slain in Babylon,[f]
    fatally wounded in her streets.(ER)
For Israel and Judah have not been forsaken(ES)
    by their God, the Lord Almighty,
though their land[g] is full of guilt(ET)
    before the Holy One of Israel.

“Flee(EU) from Babylon!
    Run for your lives!
    Do not be destroyed because of her sins.(EV)
It is time(EW) for the Lord’s vengeance;(EX)
    he will repay(EY) her what she deserves.
Babylon was a gold cup(EZ) in the Lord’s hand;
    she made the whole earth drunk.
The nations drank her wine;
    therefore they have now gone mad.
Babylon will suddenly fall(FA) and be broken.
    Wail over her!
Get balm(FB) for her pain;
    perhaps she can be healed.

“‘We would have healed Babylon,
    but she cannot be healed;
let us leave(FC) her and each go to our own land,
    for her judgment(FD) reaches to the skies,
    it rises as high as the heavens.’

10 “‘The Lord has vindicated(FE) us;
    come, let us tell in Zion
    what the Lord our God has done.’(FF)

11 “Sharpen the arrows,(FG)
    take up the shields!(FH)
The Lord has stirred up the kings(FI) of the Medes,(FJ)
    because his purpose(FK) is to destroy Babylon.
The Lord will take vengeance,(FL)
    vengeance for his temple.(FM)
12 Lift up a banner(FN) against the walls of Babylon!
    Reinforce the guard,
station the watchmen,(FO)
    prepare an ambush!(FP)
The Lord will carry out his purpose,(FQ)
    his decree against the people of Babylon.
13 You who live by many waters(FR)
    and are rich in treasures,(FS)
your end has come,
    the time for you to be destroyed.(FT)
14 The Lord Almighty has sworn by himself:(FU)
    I will surely fill you with troops, as with a swarm of locusts,(FV)
    and they will shout(FW) in triumph over you.

15 “He made the earth by his power;
    he founded the world by his wisdom(FX)
    and stretched(FY) out the heavens by his understanding.(FZ)
16 When he thunders,(GA) the waters in the heavens roar;
    he makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth.
He sends lightning with the rain(GB)
    and brings out the wind from his storehouses.(GC)

17 “Everyone is senseless and without knowledge;
    every goldsmith is shamed by his idols.
The images he makes are a fraud;(GD)
    they have no breath in them.
18 They are worthless,(GE) the objects of mockery;
    when their judgment comes, they will perish.
19 He who is the Portion(GF) of Jacob is not like these,
    for he is the Maker of all things,
including the people of his inheritance(GG)
    the Lord Almighty is his name.

20 “You are my war club,(GH)
    my weapon for battle—
with you I shatter(GI) nations,(GJ)
    with you I destroy kingdoms,
21 with you I shatter horse and rider,(GK)
    with you I shatter chariot(GL) and driver,
22 with you I shatter man and woman,
    with you I shatter old man and youth,
    with you I shatter young man and young woman,(GM)
23 with you I shatter shepherd and flock,
    with you I shatter farmer and oxen,
    with you I shatter governors and officials.(GN)

24 “Before your eyes I will repay(GO) Babylon(GP) and all who live in Babylonia[h] for all the wrong they have done in Zion,” declares the Lord.

25 “I am against(GQ) you, you destroying mountain,
    you who destroy the whole earth,”(GR)
declares the Lord.
“I will stretch out my hand(GS) against you,
    roll you off the cliffs,
    and make you a burned-out mountain.(GT)
26 No rock will be taken from you for a cornerstone,
    nor any stone for a foundation,
    for you will be desolate(GU) forever,”
declares the Lord.

27 “Lift up a banner(GV) in the land!
    Blow the trumpet among the nations!
Prepare the nations for battle against her;
    summon against her these kingdoms:(GW)
    Ararat,(GX) Minni and Ashkenaz.(GY)
Appoint a commander against her;
    send up horses like a swarm of locusts.(GZ)
28 Prepare the nations for battle against her—
    the kings of the Medes,(HA)
their governors and all their officials,
    and all the countries they rule.(HB)
29 The land trembles(HC) and writhes,
    for the Lord’s purposes(HD) against Babylon stand—
to lay waste(HE) the land of Babylon
    so that no one will live there.(HF)
30 Babylon’s warriors(HG) have stopped fighting;
    they remain in their strongholds.
Their strength is exhausted;
    they have become weaklings.(HH)
Her dwellings are set on fire;(HI)
    the bars(HJ) of her gates are broken.
31 One courier(HK) follows another
    and messenger follows messenger
to announce to the king of Babylon
    that his entire city is captured,(HL)
32 the river crossings seized,
    the marshes set on fire,(HM)
    and the soldiers terrified.(HN)

33 This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says:

“Daughter Babylon(HO) is like a threshing floor(HP)
    at the time it is trampled;
    the time to harvest(HQ) her will soon come.(HR)

34 “Nebuchadnezzar(HS) king of Babylon has devoured(HT) us,(HU)
    he has thrown us into confusion,
    he has made us an empty jar.
Like a serpent he has swallowed us
    and filled his stomach with our delicacies,
    and then has spewed(HV) us out.
35 May the violence(HW) done to our flesh[i] be on Babylon,”
    say the inhabitants of Zion.
“May our blood be on those who live in Babylonia,”
    says Jerusalem.(HX)

36 Therefore this is what the Lord says:

“See, I will defend your cause(HY)
    and avenge(HZ) you;
I will dry up(IA) her sea
    and make her springs dry.
37 Babylon will be a heap of ruins,
    a haunt(IB) of jackals,
an object of horror and scorn,(IC)
    a place where no one lives.(ID)
38 Her people all roar like young lions,(IE)
    they growl like lion cubs.
39 But while they are aroused,
    I will set out a feast for them
    and make them drunk,(IF)
so that they shout with laughter—
    then sleep forever(IG) and not awake,”
declares the Lord.(IH)
40 “I will bring them down
    like lambs to the slaughter,
    like rams and goats.(II)

41 “How Sheshak[j](IJ) will be captured,(IK)
    the boast of the whole earth seized!
How desolate(IL) Babylon will be
    among the nations!
42 The sea will rise over Babylon;
    its roaring waves(IM) will cover her.
43 Her towns will be desolate,
    a dry and desert(IN) land,
a land where no one lives,
    through which no one travels.(IO)
44 I will punish Bel(IP) in Babylon
    and make him spew out(IQ) what he has swallowed.
The nations will no longer stream to him.
    And the wall(IR) of Babylon will fall.

45 “Come out(IS) of her, my people!
    Run(IT) for your lives!
    Run from the fierce anger(IU) of the Lord.
46 Do not lose heart(IV) or be afraid(IW)
    when rumors(IX) are heard in the land;
one rumor comes this year, another the next,
    rumors of violence in the land
    and of ruler against ruler.
47 For the time will surely come
    when I will punish the idols(IY) of Babylon;
her whole land will be disgraced(IZ)
    and her slain will all lie fallen within her.(JA)
48 Then heaven and earth and all that is in them
    will shout(JB) for joy over Babylon,
for out of the north(JC)
    destroyers(JD) will attack her,”
declares the Lord.

49 “Babylon must fall because of Israel’s slain,
    just as the slain in all the earth
    have fallen because of Babylon.(JE)
50 You who have escaped the sword,
    leave(JF) and do not linger!
Remember(JG) the Lord in a distant land,(JH)
    and call to mind Jerusalem.”

51 “We are disgraced,(JI)
    for we have been insulted
    and shame covers our faces,
because foreigners have entered
    the holy places of the Lord’s house.”(JJ)

52 “But days are coming,” declares the Lord,
    “when I will punish her idols,(JK)
and throughout her land
    the wounded will groan.(JL)
53 Even if Babylon ascends to the heavens(JM)
    and fortifies her lofty stronghold,
    I will send destroyers(JN) against her,”
declares the Lord.

54 “The sound of a cry(JO) comes from Babylon,
    the sound of great destruction(JP)
    from the land of the Babylonians.[k]
55 The Lord will destroy Babylon;
    he will silence(JQ) her noisy din.
Waves(JR) of enemies will rage like great waters;
    the roar of their voices will resound.
56 A destroyer(JS) will come against Babylon;
    her warriors will be captured,
    and their bows will be broken.(JT)
For the Lord is a God of retribution;
    he will repay(JU) in full.
57 I will make her officials(JV) and wise(JW) men drunk,(JX)
    her governors, officers and warriors as well;
they will sleep(JY) forever and not awake,”
    declares the King,(JZ) whose name is the Lord Almighty.

58 This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“Babylon’s thick wall(KA) will be leveled
    and her high gates(KB) set on fire;
the peoples(KC) exhaust(KD) themselves for nothing,
    the nations’ labor is only fuel for the flames.”(KE)

Footnotes

  1. Jeremiah 50:10 Or Chaldea
  2. Jeremiah 50:21 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verse 26.
  3. Jeremiah 50:38 Or A sword against
  4. Jeremiah 51:1 Leb Kamai is a cryptogram for Chaldea, that is, Babylonia.
  5. Jeremiah 51:3 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
  6. Jeremiah 51:4 Or Chaldea
  7. Jeremiah 51:5 Or Almighty, / and the land of the Babylonians
  8. Jeremiah 51:24 Or Chaldea; also in verse 35
  9. Jeremiah 51:35 Or done to us and to our children
  10. Jeremiah 51:41 Sheshak is a cryptogram for Babylon.
  11. Jeremiah 51:54 Or Chaldeans
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