45 So Jacob took a stone and set it up as a pillar.(A) 46 He said to his relatives, “Gather some stones.” So they took stones and piled them in a heap,(B) and they ate there by the heap. 47 Laban called it Jegar Sahadutha, and Jacob called it Galeed.[a](C)

48 Laban said, “This heap(D) is a witness between you and me today.”(E) That is why it was called Galeed. 49 It was also called Mizpah,[b](F) because he said, “May the Lord keep watch between you and me when we are away from each other. 50 If you mistreat(G) my daughters or if you take any wives besides my daughters, even though no one is with us, remember that God is a witness(H) between you and me.”(I)

51 Laban also said to Jacob, “Here is this heap,(J) and here is this pillar(K) I have set up between you and me. 52 This heap is a witness, and this pillar is a witness,(L) that I will not go past this heap to your side to harm you and that you will not go past this heap(M) and pillar to my side to harm me.(N) 53 May the God of Abraham(O) and the God of Nahor,(P) the God of their father, judge between us.”(Q)

So Jacob took an oath(R) in the name of the Fear of his father Isaac.(S)

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Footnotes

  1. Genesis 31:47 The Aramaic Jegar Sahadutha and the Hebrew Galeed both mean witness heap.
  2. Genesis 31:49 Mizpah means watchtower.
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

When the whole nation had finished crossing the Jordan,(A) the Lord said to Joshua, “Choose twelve men(B) from among the people, one from each tribe, and tell them to take up twelve stones(C) from the middle of the Jordan,(D) from right where the priests are standing, and carry them over with you and put them down at the place where you stay tonight.(E)

So Joshua called together the twelve men(F) he had appointed from the Israelites, one from each tribe, and said to them, “Go over before the ark of the Lord your God into the middle of the Jordan.(G) Each of you is to take up a stone on his shoulder, according to the number of the tribes of the Israelites, to serve as a sign(H) among you. In the future, when your children(I) ask you, ‘What do these stones mean?’(J) tell them that the flow of the Jordan was cut off(K) before the ark of the covenant of the Lord. When it crossed the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan were cut off. These stones are to be a memorial(L) to the people of Israel forever.”

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New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

31 Elijah took twelve stones, one for each of the tribes descended from Jacob, to whom the word of the Lord had come, saying, “Your name shall be Israel.”(A) 32 With the stones he built an altar in the name(B) of the Lord, and he dug a trench around it large enough to hold two seahs[a] of seed.

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Footnotes

  1. 1 Kings 18:32 That is, probably about 24 pounds or about 11 kilograms
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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