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“You shall not take[a] the name of the Lord your God in vain,[b] for the Lord will not hold guiltless[c] anyone who takes his name in vain.

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  1. Exodus 20:7 tn Or “use” (NCV, TEV); NIV, CEV, NLT “misuse”; NRSV “make wrongful use of.”
  2. Exodus 20:7 tn שָׁוְא (shavʾ, “vain”) describes “unreality.” The command prohibits use of the name for any idle, frivolous, or insincere purpose (S. R. Driver, Exodus, 196). This would include perjury, pagan incantations, or idle talk. The name is to be treated with reverence and respect because it is the name of the holy God.
  3. Exodus 20:7 tn Or “leave unpunished.”

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