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Abijah’s Reign over Judah(A)

15 Abijah reigned over Judah starting in the eighteenth year of Nebat’s son Jeroboam’s reign. He reigned for three years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Maacah, the daughter of Abishalom. He practiced the same sins that his father committed before he was born. Unlike his ancestor David, his heart never became devoted to the Lord his God. Nevertheless, for the sake of David, the Lord his God maintained a lamp for David[a] in Jerusalem by raising up his son after him so that Jerusalem would be established, because David had practiced what the Lord considered to be right. He never avoided anything that the Lord had commanded him during his entire lifetime, except for the case of Uriah the Hittite.

There was continual military conflict between Rehoboam and Jeroboam throughout his entire lifetime. The rest of Abijah’s accomplishments, including everything he undertook, are written in the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah, are they not? And a state of war continued to exist between Abijah and Jeroboam. Eventually, Abijah died, as did his ancestors, and he was buried in the City of David. His son Asa succeeded him as king.

Asa Reigns over Judah(B)

Asa began to reign as Judah’s king during the twentieth year of the reign of[b] Jeroboam as king over Israel. 10 He reigned 41 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Maacah, the daughter of Abishalom. 11 Asa practiced what the Lord considered to be right, just like his ancestor David. 12 He also removed the male cult prostitutes[c] from the land and destroyed all the idols that his ancestors had made. 13 He removed his mother Maacah from her position as Queen Mother because she had made a detestable image dedicated to Asherah.[d] Asa cut down his mother’s idol, crushed it, and burned it at the Kidron Brook. 14 Nevertheless, the high places were not removed, even though Asa’s heart was blameless toward the Lord all of his life. 15 Asa brought into the Lord’s Temple the things that his father had dedicated, as well as his own dedicated gifts such as silver, gold, and temple service[e] implements.

Alliances with Aram against Israel(C)

16 A state of continual military unrest existed between Asa and King Baasha of Israel throughout their lifetimes. 17 King Baasha of Israel invaded Judah and interdicted Ramah by building fortifications around it so no one could enter or leave to join King Asa of Judah. 18 But Asa removed all the silver and gold from the treasuries of the Lord’s Temple and from his royal palace, placed them into the care of some servants, and then sent them to Tabrimmon’s son King Ben-hadad of Aram, the grandson of Hezion, who lived in Damascus.

19 “Let’s make a treaty between you and me,” he said, “just like the one between my father and your father. Notice that I’ve sent you silver and gold to break your treaty with King Baasha of Israel, so he’ll retreat from his attack[f] on me.”

20 So King Ben-hadad did just what King Asa had asked: he sent his commanding officers to attack the cities of Israel, conquering Ijon, Dan, Abel-beth-maacah, all of Chinneroth,[g] and the territory of Naphtali. 21 When Baasha learned of this, he stopped fortifying Ramah and remained in Tirzah, 22 so King Asa published a proclamation throughout Judah (no one was left out) and they carried away the stones and timber with which Baasha had been fortifying Judah. King Asa used them to fortify Geba in Benjamin and Mizpah.

23 The rest of Asa’s accomplishments, his strength, everything that he undertook, and the cities that he fortified are written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah, are they not? However, as he approached old age, he became diseased in his feet. 24 Then Asa died, as had his ancestors, and he was buried with his ancestors in the City of David, his ancestor. His son Jehoshaphat reigned in his place.

Nadab Reigns over Israel

25 Jeroboam’s son Nadab became king over Israel during the second year of the reign of[h] King Asa over Judah. He reigned over Israel for two years, 26 practicing what the Lord considered to be evil, living the way his father did, committing sins, and leading Israel to sin. 27 So Ahijah’s son Baasha from the household of Issachar conspired against him and killed Nadab at Gibbethon in Philistia while Nadab and all of Israel were attacking Gibbethon. 28 Baasha killed him during the third year of the reign of[i] King Asa of Judah and took Nadab’s[j] place as king.

29 As soon as he was established as king, he killed everyone in the household of Jeroboam. He left not even one single person alive. He destroyed them completely, just as the Lord had spoken through his servant Ahijah the Shilonite,[k] 30 because of the sins that Jeroboam had committed, and because he led Israel into sin, provoking the Lord God of Israel to become angry.

31 Now the rest of Nadab’s accomplishments, including everything he undertook, are written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel, are they not? 32 Meanwhile, a state of war continued to exist between Asa and Baasha king of Israel, throughout their reigns.

Baasha Reigns over Israel

33 During the third year of the reign of[l] King Asa of Judah, Ahijah’s son Baasha became king over all of Israel. He reigned for 24 years at Tirzah. 34 He practiced what the Lord considered to be evil, living like Jeroboam did and leading Israel into sin.

Footnotes

  1. 1 Kings 15:4 Lit. him
  2. 1 Kings 15:9 The Heb. lacks the reign of
  3. 1 Kings 15:12 Or sodomites
  4. 1 Kings 15:13 I.e. cultic pillars erected in worship to Canaanite deities
  5. 1 Kings 15:15 The Heb. lacks temple service
  6. 1 Kings 15:19 The Heb. lacks his attack
  7. 1 Kings 15:20 I.e. the region encompassing the Sea of Galilee
  8. 1 Kings 15:25 The Heb. lacks the reign of
  9. 1 Kings 15:28 The Heb. lacks the reign of
  10. 1 Kings 15:28 Lit. his
  11. 1 Kings 15:29 Cf. 1King 14:7-16
  12. 1 Kings 15:33 The Heb. lacks the reign of

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