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The Imminent Destruction of Judah

This message from the Lord came to Cushi’s son Zephaniah,[a] the grandson of Gedaliah and great-grandson of Hezekiah’s son Amariah, during the reign[b] of Amon’s son Josiah, king of Judah:

“I’ll utterly sweep away everything from[c] the land,”
    declares the Lord.
“I’ll consume both human beings and animals—
    I’ll consume the birds of the sky,
the fish in the sea,
    and the wicked along with their sin,[d]
when I eliminate human beings from the land,”
        declares the Lord.

“I will also stretch out my hand against Judah,
    and upon all inhabitants of Jerusalem.
I’ll wipe out every trace of Baal from this place,
    and the name[e] of the pagan priests[f],
        along with my own[g] priests.
I’ll wipe out[h] those who worship the stars
    that they view[i] from their housetops,
those who bow down and swear to the Lord
    and who also swear by Milcom,[j]
those who turn away from the Lord,
    don’t seek the Lord,
        and never ask for his help.[k]

The Approaching Day of the Lord

Remain silent in the presence of the Lord God,
    because the Day of the Lord approaches,
and because the Lord has prepared a sacrifice
    for those whom he has invited to be consecrated.

“It will come about during[l] the Lord’s sacrifice
    that I’ll punish the officials,[m] the royal descendants,
        and all who wear foreign clothing.[n]
At the same time, I’ll punish every idol worshipper,[o]
    especially those who are filling their master’s temple with violence and deceit.
10 When all of this happens,”[p] declares the Lord,
    “a loud shriek will come[q] from the Fish Gate,
and howling from the Mishneh[r] Quarter,
    along with great destruction from the hills.”

Divine Judgment on the Business Community

11 “Wail, you who live in the market district,
    because all of the merchants will be crushed
        and all of their customers[s] will be eliminated.[t]
12 And it will come about that I will search Jerusalem with candles,[u]
    punishing the self-satisfied and complacent,
who say to themselves,
    ‘The Lord will do neither good nor evil.’
13 Therefore their possessions will be seized as plunder
    and their homes left in ruins.
They may build houses,
    but they won’t live in them.
They may plant vineyards,
    but they won’t drink their wine.”

Zephaniah’s Description of the Day of the Lord

14 “The great Day of the Lord approaches—
    How it comes, hurrying faster and faster!
The sound of the Day of the Lord there
    includes the bitter cry of the mighty soldier.
15 That day will be filled with wrath,
    a day of trouble and tribulation,
a day of desolation and devastation,
    a day of doom and gloom,
a day of clouds and shadows,[v]
16 a day of trumpet and battle cry
        against fortified cities and watch[w] towers.

17 “And I’ll bring so much distress to people
    that they will walk around like the blind.
Because they have sinned against the Lord,
    their blood will be poured out like dust
        and their intestines will spill out[x] like manure.
18 Neither their silver nor their gold will deliver them
    in the Day of the Lord’s wrath;
but the entire land will be consumed
    by the fire of his jealousy,
for he will bring the inhabitants of the land to a sudden end.”


  1. Zephaniah 1:1 The Heb. name Zephaniah means The Lord has treasured
  2. Zephaniah 1:1 Lit. in the days of
  3. Zephaniah 1:2 Lit. from the face of
  4. Zephaniah 1:3 Lit. with the heap of rubble
  5. Zephaniah 1:4 Or authority
  6. Zephaniah 1:4 Lit. the Chemarim; i.e. idol worshiping priests
  7. Zephaniah 1:4 The Heb. lacks my own
  8. Zephaniah 1:5 The Heb. lacks I’ll wipe out
  9. Zephaniah 1:5 The Heb. lacks that they view
  10. Zephaniah 1:5 I.e. the national idol of the Ammonites
  11. Zephaniah 1:6 Lit. and don’t inquire of him
  12. Zephaniah 1:8 Lit. in the day of
  13. Zephaniah 1:8 Lit. princes
  14. Zephaniah 1:8 Or wear cultic vestments
  15. Zephaniah 1:9 Lit. everyone who leaps over the threshold; cf. 1Sam 5:5
  16. Zephaniah 1:10 Lit. It will come about in that day
  17. Zephaniah 1:10 The Heb. lacks will come
  18. Zephaniah 1:10 Or from The Second; i.e. a section of Jerusalem
  19. Zephaniah 1:11 Lit. all who carry silver
  20. Zephaniah 1:11 Lit. be cut off
  21. Zephaniah 1:12 Or with oil lamps
  22. Zephaniah 1:15 Cf. Joel 2:2a
  23. Zephaniah 1:16 Lit. corner
  24. Zephaniah 1:17 The Heb. lacks will spill out

The word of the Lord that came to Zephaniah son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hezekiah, during the reign of Josiah(A) son of Amon(B) king of Judah:

Judgment on the Whole Earth in the Day of the Lord

“I will sweep away everything
    from the face of the earth,”(C)
declares the Lord.
“I will sweep away both man and beast;(D)
    I will sweep away the birds in the sky(E)
    and the fish in the sea—
    and the idols that cause the wicked to stumble.”[a]

“When I destroy all mankind
    on the face of the earth,”(F)
declares the Lord,(G)
“I will stretch out my hand(H) against Judah
    and against all who live in Jerusalem.
I will destroy every remnant of Baal worship in this place,(I)
    the very names of the idolatrous priests(J)
those who bow down on the roofs
    to worship the starry host,(K)
those who bow down and swear by the Lord
    and who also swear by Molek,[b](L)
those who turn back from following(M) the Lord
    and neither seek(N) the Lord nor inquire(O) of him.”

Be silent(P) before the Sovereign Lord,
    for the day of the Lord(Q) is near.
The Lord has prepared a sacrifice;(R)
    he has consecrated those he has invited.

“On the day of the Lord’s sacrifice
    I will punish(S) the officials
    and the king’s sons(T)
and all those clad
    in foreign clothes.
On that day I will punish
    all who avoid stepping on the threshold,[c](U)
who fill the temple of their gods
    with violence and deceit.(V)

10 “On that day,(W)
    declares the Lord,
“a cry will go up from the Fish Gate,(X)
    wailing(Y) from the New Quarter,
    and a loud crash from the hills.
11 Wail,(Z) you who live in the market district[d];
    all your merchants will be wiped out,
    all who trade with[e] silver will be destroyed.(AA)
12 At that time I will search Jerusalem with lamps
    and punish those who are complacent,(AB)
    who are like wine left on its dregs,(AC)
who think, ‘The Lord will do nothing,(AD)
    either good or bad.’(AE)
13 Their wealth will be plundered,(AF)
    their houses demolished.
Though they build houses,
    they will not live in them;
though they plant vineyards,
    they will not drink the wine.”(AG)

14 The great day of the Lord(AH) is near(AI)
    near and coming quickly.
The cry on the day of the Lord is bitter;
    the Mighty Warrior shouts his battle cry.
15 That day will be a day of wrath—
    a day of distress and anguish,
        a day of trouble and ruin,
    a day of darkness(AJ) and gloom,
        a day of clouds and blackness(AK)
16     a day of trumpet and battle cry(AL)
against the fortified cities
    and against the corner towers.(AM)

17 “I will bring such distress(AN) on all people
    that they will grope about like those who are blind,(AO)
    because they have sinned against the Lord.
Their blood will be poured out(AP) like dust
    and their entrails like dung.(AQ)
18 Neither their silver nor their gold
    will be able to save them
    on the day of the Lord’s wrath.”(AR)

In the fire of his jealousy(AS)
    the whole earth will be consumed,(AT)
for he will make a sudden end
    of all who live on the earth.(AU)


  1. Zephaniah 1:3 The meaning of the Hebrew for this line is uncertain.
  2. Zephaniah 1:5 Hebrew Malkam
  3. Zephaniah 1:9 See 1 Samuel 5:5.
  4. Zephaniah 1:11 Or the Mortar
  5. Zephaniah 1:11 Or in

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