First, (A)I thank my God through Jesus Christ [a]for you all, because (B)your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole world. For (C)God, whom I (D)serve in my spirit in the preaching of the gospel of His Son, is my witness as to how unceasingly (E)I make mention of you, 10 always in my prayers making request, if perhaps now at last by (F)the will of God I may succeed in coming to you. 11 For (G)I long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be [b]established; 12 that is, that I may be encouraged together with you while among you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine. 13 (H)I do not want you to be unaware, (I)brethren, that often I (J)have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some (K)fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles. 14 (L)I am [c]under obligation both to Greeks and to (M)barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. 15 So, for my part, I am eager to (N)preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

16 For I am not (O)ashamed of the gospel, for (P)it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the (Q)Jew first and also to (R)the Greek. 17 For in it (S)the righteousness of God is revealed [d]from faith to faith; as it is written, “[e](T)But the righteous man shall live by faith.”

Unbelief and Its Consequences

18 For (U)the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who (V)suppress the truth [f]in unrighteousness, 19 because (W)that which is known about God is evident [g]within them; for God made it evident to them. 20 For (X)since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, (Y)being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not [h]honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became (Z)futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 (AA)Professing to be wise, they became fools, 23 and (AB)exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and [i]crawling creatures.

24 Therefore (AC)God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be (AD)dishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for [j]a (AE)lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, (AF)who is blessed [k]forever. Amen.

26 For this reason (AG)God gave them over to (AH)degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is [l]unnatural, 27 and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, (AI)men with men committing [m]indecent acts and receiving in [n]their own persons the due penalty of their error.

28 And just as they did not see fit [o]to acknowledge God any longer, (AJ)God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper, 29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; they are (AK)gossips, 30 slanderers, [p](AL)haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, (AM)disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, (AN)unloving, unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of (AO)death, they not only do the same, but also (AP)give hearty approval to those who practice them.

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  1. Romans 1:8 Or concerning you all, that...
  2. Romans 1:11 Or strengthened
  3. Romans 1:14 Lit debtor
  4. Romans 1:17 Or by
  5. Romans 1:17 Or But he who is righteous by faith shall live
  6. Romans 1:18 Or by
  7. Romans 1:19 Or among
  8. Romans 1:21 Lit glorify
  9. Romans 1:23 Or reptiles
  10. Romans 1:25 Lit the lie
  11. Romans 1:25 Lit unto the ages
  12. Romans 1:26 Lit against nature
  13. Romans 1:27 Lit the shameless deed
  14. Romans 1:27 Lit themselves
  15. Romans 1:28 Lit to have God in knowledge
  16. Romans 1:30 Or hateful to God

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