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And since it is by God’s grace, it can’t be a matter of their good works; otherwise, it wouldn’t be a gift of grace, but earned by human effort.

So then, Israel failed to achieve what it had strived for, but the divinely chosen remnant receives it by grace, while the rest were hardened and unable to receive the truth. Just as it is written:

God granted them a spirit of deep slumber.[a]
    He closed their eyes to the truth
    and prevented their ears from hearing[b]
    up to this very day.

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  1. Romans 11:8 The Aramaic can be translated “a spirit of frustration.”
  2. Romans 11:8 Or “He gave them eyes that could not see and ears that could not hear.” See Deut. 29:4; Isa. 6:10; 29:10-13.

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