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And if it is by grace, it is no longer by works, otherwise grace would no longer be grace. What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was diligently seeking, but the elect obtained it. The[a] rest were hardened, as it is written,

God gave them a spirit of stupor,
eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear,
to this very day.[b]

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  1. Romans 11:7 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
  2. Romans 11:8 sn A quotation from Deut 29:4; Isa 29:10.

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