10 2 The use of the silver trumpets. 11 The Israelites depart from Sinai. 14 The captains of the host are numbered. 30 Hobab refuseth to go with Moses his son-in-law.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

Make thee two trumpets of silver: of an [a]whole piece shalt thou make them, that thou mayest use them for the assembling of the Congregation, and for the departure of the camp.

And when they shall blow with them, all the Congregation shall assemble to thee, before the door of the Tabernacle of the Congregation.

But if they blow with one, then the Princes, or heads over the thousands of Israel shall come unto thee.

But if ye blow an alarm, then the camp of them that pitch on the [b]East part, shall go forward.

If ye blow an alarm the second time, then the host of them that lie on the [c]South side, shall march: for they shall blow an alarm when they remove.

But in the assembling the Congregation, ye shall blow without an alarm.

And the sons of Aaron the Priest shall [d]blow the trumpets, and ye shall have them as a law forever in your generations.

And when ye go to war in your land against the enemy that vexeth you, ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets, and ye shall be remembered before the Lord your God, and shall be saved from your enemies.

10 Also in the day of your [e]gladness, and in your feast days, and in the beginning of your months, ye shall also blow the trumpets [f]over your burnt sacrifices, and over your peace offerings, that they may be a remembrance for you before your God: I am the Lord your God.

11 ¶ And in the second year, in the second month, and in the twentieth day of the month, the cloud was taken up from the Tabernacle of the Testimony.

12 And the children of Israel departed on their [g]journeys out of the desert of Sinai, and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran.

13 So they [h]first took their journey at the commandment of the Lord by the hand of Moses.

14 (A)In the first place went the standard of the host of the children of Judah according to their armies: and (B)Nahshon the son of Amminadab was over his band.

15 And over the band of the tribe of the children of Issachar was Nethanel the son of Zuar.

16 And over the band of the tribe of the children of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon.

17 When the Tabernacle was taken down, then the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari went forward bearing [i]the Tabernacle.

18 ¶ After, departed the standard of the host of Reuben, according to their armies, and over his band was Elizur the son of Shedeur.

19 And over the band of the tribe of the children of Simeon was Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.

20 And over the band of the tribe of the children of Gad was Eliasaph the son of Deuel.

21 The Kohathites also went forward and [j]bare the (C)Sanctuary, and the [k]former did set up the Tabernacle against they came.

22 ¶ Then the standard of the host of the children of Ephraim went forward according to their armies, and over his band was Elishama the son of Ammihud.

23 And over the band of the tribe of the sons of Manasseh was Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.

24 And over the band of the tribe of the sons of Benjamin was Abidan the son of Gideoni.

25 ¶ Last, the standard of the host of the children of Dan marched, [l]gathering all the hosts according to their armies: and over his band was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.

26 And over the band of the tribe of the children of Asher was Pagiel the son of Ocran.

27 And over the band of the tribe of the children of Naphtali was Ahira the son of Enan.

28 [m]These were the removings of the children of Israel according to their armies, when they marched.

29 After, Moses said unto [n]Hobab the son of Reuel the Midianite, the father-in-law of Moses, We go into the place, of which the Lord said, I will give it you. Come thou with us, and we will do thee good: for the Lord hath promised good unto Israel.

30 And he answered him, I will not go: but I will depart to mine own country, and to my kindred.

31 Then he said, I pray thee, leave us not: for thou knowest our camping places in the wilderness: therefore thou mayest be [o]our guide.

32 And if thou go with us, what goodness the Lord shall show unto us, the same will we show unto thee.

33 ¶ So they departed from the [p]mount of the Lord, three days’ journey: and the Ark of the covenant of the Lord went before them in the three days’ journey, to search out a resting place for them.

34 And the cloud of the Lord was upon them by day, when they went out of the camp.

35 And when the Ark went forward, Moses said, (D)[q]Rise up Lord, and let thine enemies be scattered, and let them that hate thee, flee before thee.

36 And when it rested, he said, Return, O Lord, to the [r]many thousands of Israel.


  1. Numbers 10:2 Or, of work beaten out with the hammer.
  2. Numbers 10:5 That is, the host of Judah and they that are under his ensign.
  3. Numbers 10:6 Meaning, the host of Reuben.
  4. Numbers 10:8 So that only the Priests must blow the trumpets, so long as the Priesthood lasted.
  5. Numbers 10:10 When ye rejoice that God hath removed any plague.
  6. Numbers 10:10 Or, when ye offer burnt offerings.
  7. Numbers 10:12 Or, in keeping this order in their journeys.
  8. Numbers 10:13 From Sinai to Paran, Num. 33:1.
  9. Numbers 10:17 With all the appertainances thereof.
  10. Numbers 10:21 Upon their shoulders.
  11. Numbers 10:21 The Merarites and Gershonites.
  12. Numbers 10:25 Leaving none behind, nor any of the former that fainted in the way.
  13. Numbers 10:28 This was the order of their host when they removed.
  14. Numbers 10:29 Some think that Reuel, Jethro, Hobab, and Keni were all one: Kimhi saith, that Reuel was Jethro’s father: so Hobab was Moses’ father-in-law, see Exod. 2:18, 3:1, 4:18, 18:1, and Judg. 4:11.
  15. Numbers 10:31 Hebrew, eyes unto us.
  16. Numbers 10:33 Mount Sinai, or Horeb.
  17. Numbers 10:35 Declare thy might and power.
  18. Numbers 10:36 Hebrew, to the ten thousand thousands.

The Silver Trumpets

10 The Lord said to Moses: “Make two trumpets(A) of hammered silver, and use them for calling the community(B) together and for having the camps set out.(C) When both are sounded, the whole community is to assemble before you at the entrance to the tent of meeting. If only one is sounded, the leaders(D)—the heads of the clans of Israel—are to assemble before you. When a trumpet blast is sounded, the tribes camping on the east are to set out.(E) At the sounding of a second blast, the camps on the south are to set out.(F) The blast will be the signal for setting out. To gather the assembly, blow the trumpets,(G) but not with the signal for setting out.(H)

“The sons of Aaron, the priests, are to blow the trumpets. This is to be a lasting ordinance for you and the generations to come.(I) When you go into battle in your own land against an enemy who is oppressing you,(J) sound a blast on the trumpets.(K) Then you will be remembered(L) by the Lord your God and rescued from your enemies.(M) 10 Also at your times of rejoicing—your appointed festivals and New Moon feasts(N)—you are to sound the trumpets(O) over your burnt offerings(P) and fellowship offerings,(Q) and they will be a memorial for you before your God. I am the Lord your God.(R)

The Israelites Leave Sinai

11 On the twentieth day of the second month of the second year,(S) the cloud lifted(T) from above the tabernacle of the covenant law.(U) 12 Then the Israelites set out from the Desert of Sinai and traveled from place to place until the cloud came to rest in the Desert of Paran.(V) 13 They set out, this first time, at the Lord’s command through Moses.(W)

14 The divisions of the camp of Judah went first, under their standard.(X) Nahshon son of Amminadab(Y) was in command. 15 Nethanel son of Zuar was over the division of the tribe(Z) of Issachar,(AA) 16 and Eliab son of Helon(AB) was over the division of the tribe of Zebulun.(AC) 17 Then the tabernacle was taken down, and the Gershonites and Merarites, who carried it, set out.(AD)

18 The divisions of the camp of Reuben(AE) went next, under their standard.(AF) Elizur son of Shedeur(AG) was in command. 19 Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai was over the division of the tribe of Simeon,(AH) 20 and Eliasaph son of Deuel was over the division of the tribe of Gad.(AI) 21 Then the Kohathites(AJ) set out, carrying the holy things.(AK) The tabernacle was to be set up before they arrived.(AL)

22 The divisions of the camp of Ephraim(AM) went next, under their standard. Elishama son of Ammihud(AN) was in command. 23 Gamaliel son of Pedahzur was over the division of the tribe of Manasseh,(AO) 24 and Abidan son of Gideoni was over the division of the tribe of Benjamin.(AP)

25 Finally, as the rear guard(AQ) for all the units, the divisions of the camp of Dan set out under their standard. Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai(AR) was in command. 26 Pagiel son of Okran was over the division of the tribe of Asher,(AS) 27 and Ahira son of Enan was over the division of the tribe of Naphtali.(AT) 28 This was the order of march for the Israelite divisions as they set out.

29 Now Moses said to Hobab(AU) son of Reuel(AV) the Midianite, Moses’ father-in-law,(AW) “We are setting out for the place about which the Lord said, ‘I will give it to you.’(AX) Come with us and we will treat you well, for the Lord has promised good things to Israel.”

30 He answered, “No, I will not go;(AY) I am going back to my own land and my own people.(AZ)

31 But Moses said, “Please do not leave us. You know where we should camp in the wilderness, and you can be our eyes.(BA) 32 If you come with us, we will share with you(BB) whatever good things the Lord gives us.(BC)

33 So they set out(BD) from the mountain of the Lord and traveled for three days. The ark of the covenant of the Lord(BE) went before them during those three days to find them a place to rest.(BF) 34 The cloud of the Lord was over them by day when they set out from the camp.(BG)

35 Whenever the ark set out, Moses said,

“Rise up,(BH) Lord!
    May your enemies be scattered;(BI)
    may your foes flee before you.(BJ)(BK)

36 Whenever it came to rest, he said,

“Return,(BL) Lord,
    to the countless thousands of Israel.(BM)

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