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43 He said to them, “How then does David by the Spirit call him ‘Lord,’ saying,

44 The Lord said to my lord,[a]
Sit at my right hand,
until I put your enemies under your feet”’?[b]

45 If David then calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?”[c]

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  1. Matthew 22:44 sn The Lord said to my lord. With David being the speaker, this indicates his respect for his descendant (referred to as my lord). Jesus was arguing, as the ancient exposition assumed, that the passage is about the Lord’s anointed. The passage looks at an enthronement of this figure and a declaration of honor for him as he takes his place at the side of God. In Jerusalem, the king’s palace was located to the right of the temple to indicate this kind of relationship. Jesus was pressing the language here to get his opponents to reflect on how great Messiah is.
  2. Matthew 22:44 sn A quotation from Ps 110:1.
  3. Matthew 22:45 tn Grk “how is he his son?”

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