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Redemption of the Tithe

30 “‘Any tithe[a] of the land, from the grain of the land or from the fruit of the trees, belongs to the Lord; it is holy to the Lord. 31 If a man redeems[b] part of his tithe, however, he must add one-fifth to it.[c] 32 All the tithe of herds or flocks, everything which passes under the rod, the tenth one will be holy to the Lord.[d] 33 The owner[e] must not examine the animals to distinguish between good and bad, and he must not exchange it. If, however, he does exchange it,[f] both the original animal[g] and its substitute will be holy[h] and must not be redeemed.’”

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Footnotes

  1. Leviticus 27:30 tn On the “tithe” system in Israel, see R. E. Averbeck, NIDOTTE 2:1035-55 and esp. pp. 1041-42 on Lev 27:30-33.
  2. Leviticus 27:31 tn Heb “And if redeeming [infinitive absolute] a man redeems [finite verb].” For the infinitive absolute used to highlight contrast rather than emphasis see GKC 343 §113.p.
  3. Leviticus 27:31 tn Heb “its one-fifth on it.”
  4. Leviticus 27:32 sn The tithed animal was the tenth one that passed under the shepherd’s rod or staff as they were being counted (see J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 485, and B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 200).
  5. Leviticus 27:33 tn Heb “he”; the referent (the owner of the animal) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  6. Leviticus 27:33 tn Heb “And if exchanging [infinitive absolute] he exchanges it [finite verb].” For the infinitive absolute used to highlight contrast rather than emphasis see GKC 343 §113.p.
  7. Leviticus 27:33 tn Heb “it and its substitute.” The referent (the original animal offered) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
  8. Leviticus 27:33 tn Heb “it shall be and its substitute shall be holy.”

30 “‘A tithe(A) of everything from the land, whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, belongs to the Lord; it is holy(B) to the Lord. 31 Whoever would redeem(C) any of their tithe must add a fifth of the value(D) to it. 32 Every tithe of the herd and flock—every tenth animal that passes under the shepherd’s rod(E)—will be holy to the Lord. 33 No one may pick out the good from the bad or make any substitution.(F) If anyone does make a substitution, both the animal and its substitute become holy and cannot be redeemed.(G)’”

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