Evangelical Heritage Version
The Conquered Kings East of the Jordan
12 The following are the kings of the land whom the people of Israel struck down and then took possession of their land, which was east of the Jordan toward the rising of the sun, from the Arnon Canyon to Mount Hermon, including all of the Arabah east of the Jordan.
2 The first was Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon. He ruled over the territory that extends from Aroer, which is on the edge of the Arnon Canyon, and from the middle of the canyon[a] all the way north to the Jabbok Canyon, which is the border of the Ammonites. 3 This includes half of Gilead. He also ruled over the eastern part of the Arabah[b] from the Sea of Kinneret[c] south as far as the Sea of the Arabah, which is the Salt Sea,[d] and east in the direction of Beth Jeshimoth and south as far as the slopes of Pisgah.
4 The second area was the territory of Og king of Bashan, who was from a remnant of the Rephaim[e] and who lived in Ashtaroth and in Edrei. 5 He was ruler in Mount Hermon, in Salekah, and in all Bashan up to the border of the Geshurites and the Ma’akathites,[f] and in half of Gilead as far south as the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.
6 Moses, the servant of the Lord, and the people of Israel struck them down. Moses, the servant of the Lord, gave this land east of the Jordan as a possession to the tribe of Reuben, to the tribe of Gad, and to the half tribe of Manasseh.
The Conquered Kings West of the Jordan
7 The following are the kings of the land that Joshua and the people of Israel struck down in the area west of the Jordan, from Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon to Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir. Joshua gave it to the tribes of Israel as a possession according to their allotments, 8 which were in the hill country, in the Shephelah, in the Arabah, on the slopes, in the wilderness, and in the Negev—land that formerly was the land of the Hittites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:
|9 the king of Jericho||one|
|the king of Ai, which is next to Bethel||one|
|10 the king of Jerusalem||one|
|the king of Hebron||one|
|11 the king of Jarmuth||one|
|the king of Lachish||one|
|12 the king of Eglon||one|
|the king of Gezer||one|
|13 the king of Debir||one|
|the king of Geder||one|
|14 the king of Hormah||one|
|the king of Arad||one|
|15 the king of Libnah||one|
|the king of Adullam||one|
|16 the king of Makkedah||one|
|the king of Bethel||one|
|17 the king of Tappuah||one|
|the king of Hepher||one|
|18 the king of Aphek||one|
|the king for the Sharon Plain[g]||one|
|19 the king of Madon||one|
|the king of Hazor||one|
|20 the king of Shimron Meron||one|
|the king of Akshaph||one|
|21 the king of Ta’anach||one|
|the king of Megiddo||one|
|22 the king of Kedesh||one|
|the king of Jokneam in Carmel||one|
|23 the king of Dor in Naphoth Dor||one|
|the king of Goyim in Gilgal||one|
|24 the king of Tirzah||one|
|all of the kings||thirty-one.|
- Joshua 12:2 The parallel passage in Joshua 13:9 reads from the city that is in the middle of the canyon.
- Joshua 12:3 That is, the deep valley which contains the Jordan River
- Joshua 12:3 That is, the Sea of Galilee
- Joshua 12:3 That is, the Dead Sea
- Joshua 12:4 Rephaim is the name of a group of people known for their great height. Og, as well as the strong warriors who fought David’s elite warriors (2 Samuel 21:16-20), were Rephaim. Goliath likely was also one of them. Their name seems to have come from a forefather named Rapha (2 Samuel 21:16). They seem to have been the earliest inhabitants of the land. By the time of the judges only a remnant of them was left. They were also known as Emim and Zamzummim.
- Joshua 12:5 The stop mark’ indicates that the double a should be pronounced as two syllables, Ma-ak.
- Joshua 12:18 Or of Lasharon