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18 O earth, do not cover my blood,
    nor let my outcry come to rest![a]
19 Even now my witness[b] is in heaven,
    my advocate is on high.
20 My friends it is who wrong me;
    before God my eyes shed tears,

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  1. 16:18 As the exposed blood of those who were unjustly slain cries to heaven for vengeance (Gn 4:10; Ez 24:6–9), so Job’s sufferings demand redress.
  2. 16:19 Witness: refers perhaps to God (is Job appealing to God against God?), or to a mediator (cf. 9:33), or to a personification of Job’s prayer.

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