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They would have assigned him a grave with the wicked,
but he was given a grave with the rich in his death,
because he had done no violence,
and no deceit was in his mouth.

10 Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him
and to allow him to suffer.
Because you[a] made his life a guilt offering, he will see offspring.

He will prolong his days,
and the Lord’s gracious plan will succeed in his hand.
11 After his soul experiences anguish, he will see the light of life.[b]
He will provide satisfaction.[c]
Through their knowledge of him, my just servant will justify the many,
for he himself carried their guilt.[d]

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  1. Isaiah 53:10 The shift to the second person pronoun you must refer to God, who gives his Son as a sin offering.
  2. Isaiah 53:11 The words the light of life are not included in the standard Hebrew text but are in the Dead Sea Scroll of Isaiah.
  3. Isaiah 53:11 Or be satisfied. The understanding of this line depends on whether the subject is the Messiah, as is the case in all the other lines of this verse, or it is God the Father, who is satisfied by the Messiah’s suffering. The understanding of the verse also depends on whether the variant the light of life is included in the preceding line. Another factor is whether this line goes with what precedes or with what follows. What is clear is that the Messiah provides a full payment for sin (satisfaction), and the Lord is satisfied with that payment. What is uncertain is which of these two points is stressed by this verb.
  4. Isaiah 53:11 As in verse 5, the Hebrew term is plural and refers to the guilt deserved for sins.

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