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28 I say of Cyrus,[a] My shepherd!
    He carries out my every wish,
Saying of Jerusalem, “Let it be rebuilt,”
    and of the temple, “Lay its foundations.”(A)

Chapter 45

Thus says the Lord to his anointed,[b] Cyrus,
    whose right hand I grasp,
Subduing nations before him,
    stripping kings of their strength,
Opening doors before him,
    leaving the gates unbarred:


  1. 44:28 Cyrus: king of Persia (559–529 B.C.); cf. note on 41:1–4.
  2. 45:1 Anointed: in Hebrew, mashiah, from which the word “Messiah” is derived; from its Greek translation, Christos, we have the title “Christ.” Applied to kings, “anointed” originally referred only to those of Israel, but it is here given to Cyrus because he is the agent of the Lord.

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