12 He admonisheth by Jacob’s example to trust in God, and not in riches.

Ephraim is fed [a]with the wind, and followeth after the East wind: he increaseth daily lies and destruction, and they do make a covenant with Assyria, and [b]oil is carried into Egypt.

The Lord hath also a controversy with [c]Judah, and will visit Jacob, according to his ways: according to his works, will he recompense him.

He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had [d]power with God,

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Footnotes

  1. Hosea 12:1 That is, flattereth himself with vain confidence.
  2. Hosea 12:1 Meaning, presents to get friendship.
  3. Hosea 12:2 Which in those points was like to Ephraim, but not in idolatries.
  4. Hosea 12:3 Seeing that God did thus prefer Jacob their father, Judah’s ingratitude was the more to be abhorred.

12 [a]Ephraim(A) feeds on the wind;(B)
    he pursues the east wind all day
    and multiplies lies and violence.(C)
He makes a treaty with Assyria(D)
    and sends olive oil to Egypt.(E)
The Lord has a charge(F) to bring against Judah;(G)
    he will punish(H) Jacob[b] according to his ways
    and repay him according to his deeds.(I)
In the womb he grasped his brother’s heel;(J)
    as a man he struggled(K) with God.

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Footnotes

  1. Hosea 12:1 In Hebrew texts 12:1-14 is numbered 12:2-15.
  2. Hosea 12:2 Jacob means he grasps the heel, a Hebrew idiom for he takes advantage of or he deceives.

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