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17 And against whom was God[a] provoked for forty years? Was it not those who sinned, whose dead bodies fell in the wilderness?[b] 18 And to whom did he swear they would never enter into his rest, except those who were disobedient? 19 So[c] we see that they could not enter because of unbelief.

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  1. Hebrews 3:17 tn Grk “he”; in the translation the referent (God) has been specified for clarity.
  2. Hebrews 3:17 sn An allusion to God’s judgment pronounced in Num 14:29, 32.
  3. Hebrews 3:19 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “So” to indicate a summary or conclusion to the argument of the preceding paragraph.

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