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17 And against whom was God[a] provoked for forty years? Was it not those who sinned, whose dead bodies fell in the wilderness?[b] 18 And to whom did he swear they would never enter into his rest, except those who were disobedient? 19 So[c] we see that they could not enter because of unbelief.

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  1. Hebrews 3:17 tn Grk “he”; in the translation the referent (God) has been specified for clarity.
  2. Hebrews 3:17 sn An allusion to God’s judgment pronounced in Num 14:29, 32.
  3. Hebrews 3:19 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “So” to indicate a summary or conclusion to the argument of the preceding paragraph.

17 And with whom was he angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies perished in the wilderness?(A) 18 And to whom did God swear that they would never enter his rest(B) if not to those who disobeyed?(C) 19 So we see that they were not able to enter, because of their unbelief.(D)

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