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Israel said, “Why did you bring this trouble[a] on me by telling[b] the man you had one more brother?”

They replied, “The man questioned us[c] thoroughly[d] about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Do you have another brother?’[e] So we answered him in this way.[f] How could we possibly know[g] that he would say,[h] ‘Bring your brother down’?”

Then Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the boy with me and we will go immediately.[i] Then we will live[j] and not die—we and you and our little ones.

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Footnotes

  1. Genesis 43:6 tn The verb may even have a moral connotation here, “Why did you do evil to me?”
  2. Genesis 43:6 tn The infinitive construct here explains how they brought trouble on Jacob.
  3. Genesis 43:7 tn The word “us” has been supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.
  4. Genesis 43:7 tn The infinitive absolute with the perfect verbal form emphasizes that Joseph questioned them thoroughly.
  5. Genesis 43:7 sn The report given here concerning Joseph’s interrogation does not exactly match the previous account where they supplied the information to clear themselves (see 42:13). This section may reflect how they remembered the impact of his interrogation, whether he asked the specific questions or not. That may be twisting the truth to protect themselves, not wanting to admit that they volunteered the information. (They admitted as much in 42:31, but now they seem to be qualifying that comment.) On the other hand, when speaking to Joseph later (see 44:19), Judah claims that Joseph asked for the information about their family, making it possible that 42:13 leaves out some of the details of their first encounter.
  6. Genesis 43:7 tn Heb “and we told to him according to these words.”
  7. Genesis 43:7 tn The infinitive absolute emphasizes the imperfect verbal form, which here is a historic future (that is, future from the perspective of a past time).
  8. Genesis 43:7 tn Once again the imperfect verbal form is used as a historic future (that is, future from the perspective of past time).
  9. Genesis 43:8 tn Heb “and we will rise up and we will go.” The first verb is adverbial and gives the expression the sense of “we will go immediately.”
  10. Genesis 43:8 tn After the preceding cohortatives, the prefixed verbal form (either imperfect or cohortative) with the prefixed conjunction here indicates purpose or result.

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