New English Translation
10 The primary regions[a] of his kingdom were Babel,[b] Erech,[c] Akkad,[d] and Calneh[e] in the land of Shinar.[f] 11 From that land he went[g] to Assyria,[h] where he built Nineveh,[i] Rehoboth Ir,[j] Calah,[k] 12 and Resen, which is between Nineveh and the great city Calah.[l]Read full chapter
- Genesis 10:10 tn Heb “beginning.” E. A. Speiser, Genesis (AB), 67, suggests “mainstays,” citing Jer 49:35 as another text where the Hebrew noun is so used.
- Genesis 10:10 tn Or “Babylon.”
- Genesis 10:10 sn Erech (ancient Uruk, modern Warka), one of the most ancient civilizations, was located southeast of Babylon.
- Genesis 10:10 sn Akkad, or ancient Agade, was associated with Sargon and located north of Babylon.
- Genesis 10:10 tn No such place is known in Shinar (i.e., Babylonia). Therefore some have translated the Hebrew term כַלְנֵה (khalneh) as “all of them,” referring to the three previous names (cf. NRSV).
- Genesis 10:10 sn Shinar is another name for Babylonia.
- Genesis 10:11 tn The subject of the verb translated “went” is probably still Nimrod. However, it has also been interpreted that “Ashur went,” referring to a derivative power.
- Genesis 10:11 tn Heb “Asshur.”
- Genesis 10:11 sn Nineveh was an ancient Assyrian city situated on the Tigris River.
- Genesis 10:11 sn The name Rehoboth Ir means “and broad streets of a city,” perhaps referring to a suburb of Nineveh.
- Genesis 10:11 sn Calah (modern Nimrud) was located 20 miles north of Nineveh.
- Genesis 10:12 tn Heb “and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; it [i.e., Calah] is the great city.”