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27 The word of Adonai came to me saying: “You, son of man, lift up a lament for Tyre.

Say to Tyre, dwelling at the entrance of the sea,
the merchant to the people of many coastlands,
thus says Adonai Elohim:
‘Tyre, you said: “I am perfect in beauty!’
Your borders are in the heart of the seas,
your builders perfected your beauty.
All your planks have been fashioned
from cypress trees of Senir.
They took a cedar from Lebanon
to make a mast for you.
They made your oars from Bashan’s oaks.
Of boxwood from the islands of Kittim
they made your decks, inlaid with ivory.
Fine Egyptian linen was your sail,
serving as a banner for you.
Your awning was blue and purple
from the coasts of Elishah.
The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad were your rowers.
Your skilled men, Tyre, were on you
—they were your sailors.
The elders of Gebal and her experts were within you,
caulking your leaks.
All the ships of the sea with their sailors
were with you to trade for your wares.
10 Persia, Lud and Put were in your army,
our men of war.
They hung the shield and helmet in you;
they gave you splendor.
11 Men of Arvad and Helech were all
around on your walls,
the Gammadim were in your towers.
They hung their shields all around on your walls.
They perfected your beauty.

12 “‘Tarshish was your trading partner because of the abundance of all riches. With silver, iron, tin, and lead, they traded for your merchandise. 13 Javan, Tubal and Meshech were your traffickers—they gave lives of people and vessels of bronze for your wares. 14 Those from the house of Togarmah traded for your merchandise with horses, steeds and mules. 15 The men of Dedan traded with you; many coastlands were your customers; they brought you horns of ivory and ebony as your payment. 16 Aram was your customer because of your abundant goods—they traded for your merchandise with emerald, purple and embroidered cloth, fine linen, coral and rubies. 17 Judah and the land of Israel were your customers; they traded for your wares with wheat of Minnith, confections, honey, oil and balm. 18 Damascus was your customer because of the abundance of your goods and all your great wealth, with the wine of Helbon and wool of white[a]. 19 Vedan and Javan from Uzal traded for your wares—ironwork, cinnamon and spices were bartered for your merchandise. 20 Dedan was your dealer in saddlecloth for riding. 21 Arabia and all the princes of Kedar were your favored trading partners in lambs, rams and goats; in these they were your customers. 22 The merchants of Sheba and Raamah were your vendors—they traded for your wares with the finest spices, all precious stones and gold. 23 Haran and Canneh and Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad traded with you. 24 They traded for your merchandise with gorgeous fabrics, garments of blue and richly woven work, carpets of multi-colored material, with cords twisted and tightly knotted. 25 The ships of Tarshish serve as carriers for your wares.

“‘So you were filled and heavily loaded
in the heart of the seas.
26 Your rowers have brought you
into great waters.
But the east wind will break you
in the heart of the seas.
27 Your riches, your wares, your merchandise,
your sailors, your pilots, your caulkers,
the traders of your merchandise,
all your men of war that are in you,
with all your company in your midst
will fall into the heart of the seas
on the day of your downfall.
28 At the sound of the cry of your pilots
the countryside will shake.
29 All the oarsmen, the sailors
and all the mariners of the sea
will come down from their ships
to stand on the ground.
30 They will raise their voices over you
and cry bitterly.
They will throw up dust on their heads.
They will roll themselves in ashes.
31 They will shave themselves bald for you
and put on sackcloth.
They will weep for you with bitter soul,
with bitter lament.
32 In their wailing they will take up a lament for you.
They will mourn over you:
“Who was like Tyre—
silenced in the midst of the sea?”
33 When your merchandise came out from the seas,
you satisfied many people.
With the abundance of your wealth and your wares
you enriched the kings of the earth.
34 Now you are shattered by the seas
in the depths of the waters.
Your merchandise and all your company
have fallen in your midst.
35 All the inhabitants of the coastlands
are appalled at you.
Their kings are horribly afraid,
their faces are convulsed.
36 The merchants among the people hiss at you.
You have become a horror
and will be no more.’”


  1. Ezekiel 27:18 Heb. Zahar.

A Lament Over Tyre

27 The word of the Lord came to me: “Son of man, take up a lament(A) concerning Tyre. Say to Tyre,(B) situated at the gateway to the sea,(C) merchant of peoples on many coasts, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says:

“‘You say, Tyre,
    “I am perfect in beauty.(D)
Your domain was on the high seas;
    your builders brought your beauty to perfection.(E)
They made all your timbers
    of juniper from Senir[a];(F)
they took a cedar from Lebanon(G)
    to make a mast for you.
Of oaks(H) from Bashan
    they made your oars;
of cypress wood[b] from the coasts of Cyprus(I)
    they made your deck, adorned with ivory.
Fine embroidered linen(J) from Egypt was your sail
    and served as your banner;
your awnings were of blue and purple(K)
    from the coasts of Elishah.(L)
Men of Sidon and Arvad(M) were your oarsmen;
    your skilled men, Tyre, were aboard as your sailors.(N)
Veteran craftsmen of Byblos(O) were on board
    as shipwrights to caulk your seams.
All the ships of the sea(P) and their sailors
    came alongside to trade for your wares.

10 “‘Men of Persia,(Q) Lydia(R) and Put(S)
    served as soldiers in your army.
They hung their shields(T) and helmets on your walls,
    bringing you splendor.
11 Men of Arvad and Helek
    guarded your walls on every side;
men of Gammad
    were in your towers.
They hung their shields around your walls;
    they brought your beauty to perfection.(U)

12 “‘Tarshish(V) did business with you because of your great wealth of goods;(W) they exchanged silver, iron, tin and lead for your merchandise.

13 “‘Greece,(X) Tubal and Meshek(Y) did business with you; they traded human beings(Z) and articles of bronze for your wares.

14 “‘Men of Beth Togarmah(AA) exchanged chariot horses, cavalry horses and mules for your merchandise.

15 “‘The men of Rhodes[c](AB) traded with you, and many coastlands(AC) were your customers; they paid you with ivory(AD) tusks and ebony.

16 “‘Aram[d](AE) did business with you because of your many products; they exchanged turquoise,(AF) purple fabric, embroidered work, fine linen,(AG) coral(AH) and rubies for your merchandise.

17 “‘Judah and Israel traded with you; they exchanged wheat(AI) from Minnith(AJ) and confections,[e] honey, olive oil and balm(AK) for your wares.(AL)

18 “‘Damascus(AM) did business with you because of your many products and great wealth of goods.(AN) They offered wine from Helbon, wool from Zahar 19 and casks of wine from Izal(AO) in exchange for your wares: wrought iron, cassia(AP) and calamus.

20 “‘Dedan(AQ) traded in saddle blankets with you.

21 “‘Arabia(AR) and all the princes of Kedar(AS) were your customers; they did business with you in lambs, rams and goats.

22 “‘The merchants of Sheba(AT) and Raamah traded with you; for your merchandise they exchanged the finest of all kinds of spices(AU) and precious stones, and gold.(AV)

23 “‘Harran,(AW) Kanneh and Eden(AX) and merchants of Sheba, Ashur(AY) and Kilmad traded with you. 24 In your marketplace they traded with you beautiful garments, blue fabric, embroidered work and multicolored rugs with cords twisted and tightly knotted.

25 “‘The ships of Tarshish(AZ) serve
    as carriers for your wares.
You are filled with heavy cargo
    as you sail the sea.(BA)
26 Your oarsmen take you
    out to the high seas.
But the east wind(BB) will break you to pieces
    far out at sea.
27 Your wealth,(BC) merchandise and wares,
    your mariners, sailors and shipwrights,
your merchants and all your soldiers,
    and everyone else on board
will sink into the heart of the sea(BD)
    on the day of your shipwreck.
28 The shorelands will quake(BE)
    when your sailors cry out.
29 All who handle the oars
    will abandon their ships;
the mariners and all the sailors
    will stand on the shore.
30 They will raise their voice
    and cry bitterly over you;
they will sprinkle dust(BF) on their heads
    and roll(BG) in ashes.(BH)
31 They will shave their heads(BI) because of you
    and will put on sackcloth.
They will weep(BJ) over you with anguish of soul
    and with bitter mourning.(BK)
32 As they wail and mourn over you,
    they will take up a lament(BL) concerning you:
“Who was ever silenced like Tyre,
    surrounded by the sea?(BM)
33 When your merchandise went out on the seas,(BN)
    you satisfied many nations;
with your great wealth(BO) and your wares
    you enriched the kings of the earth.
34 Now you are shattered by the sea
    in the depths of the waters;
your wares and all your company
    have gone down with you.(BP)
35 All who live in the coastlands(BQ)
    are appalled(BR) at you;
their kings shudder with horror
    and their faces are distorted with fear.(BS)
36 The merchants among the nations scoff at you;(BT)
    you have come to a horrible end
    and will be no more.(BU)’”


  1. Ezekiel 27:5 That is, Mount Hermon
  2. Ezekiel 27:6 Targum; the Masoretic Text has a different division of the consonants.
  3. Ezekiel 27:15 Septuagint; Hebrew Dedan
  4. Ezekiel 27:16 Most Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac Edom
  5. Ezekiel 27:17 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.

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