These are the garments that they must make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a specially woven tunic,[a] a turban, and a sash. They are to make holy garments for your brother Aaron and his sons so that they may serve me as priests. They should use[b] gold; blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; and fine linen.

The Ephod

“They(A) are to make the ephod of finely spun linen embroidered[c] with gold, and with blue, purple, and scarlet yarn. It must have two shoulder pieces attached to its two edges so that it can be joined together. The artistically woven waistband that is on the ephod[d] must be of one piece,[e] according to the same workmanship of gold, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and of finely spun linen.

“Take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of Israel’s sons: 10 six of their names on the first stone and the remaining six names on the second stone, in the order of their birth. 11 Engrave the two stones with the names of Israel’s sons as a gem cutter engraves a seal. Mount them, surrounded with gold filigree settings. 12 Fasten both stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the Israelites. Aaron will carry their names on his two shoulders before the Lord as a reminder.(B) 13 Fashion gold filigree settings 14 and two chains of pure gold; you will make them of braided cord work, and attach the cord chains to the settings.

The Breastpiece

15 “You(C) are to make an embroidered breastpiece for making decisions.[f] Make it with the same workmanship as the ephod; make it of gold, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and of finely spun linen. 16 It must be square and folded double, nine inches long and nine inches wide.[g] 17 Place a setting of gemstones[h] on it, four rows of stones:

The first row should be

a row of carnelian, topaz, and emerald;[i]

18 the second row,

a turquoise,[j] a lapis lazuli, and a diamond;[k]

19 the third row,

a jacinth,[l] an agate, and an amethyst;

20 and the fourth row,

a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper.

They should be adorned with gold filigree in their settings. 21 The twelve stones are to correspond to the names of Israel’s sons. Each stone must be engraved like a seal, with one of the names of the twelve tribes.

22 “You are to make braided chains[m] of pure gold cord work for the breastpiece. 23 Fashion two gold rings for the breastpiece and attach them to its two corners. 24 Then attach the two gold cords to the two gold rings at the corners of the breastpiece. 25 Attach the other ends of the two cords to the two filigree settings, and in this way attach them to the ephod’s shoulder pieces in the front. 26 Make two other gold rings and put them at the two other corners of the breastpiece on the edge that is next to the inner border of the ephod. 27 Make two more gold rings and attach them to the bottom of the ephod’s two shoulder pieces on its front, close to its seam,[n] and above the ephod’s woven waistband. 28 The artisans are to tie the breastpiece from its rings to the rings of the ephod with a cord of blue yarn, so that the breastpiece is above the ephod’s waistband and does not come loose from the ephod.

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Footnotes

  1. 28:4 Hb obscure
  2. 28:5 Lit receive
  3. 28:6 Or woven
  4. 28:8 Lit waistband of its ephod, which is on it
  5. 28:8 Lit piece with the ephod
  6. 28:15 Used for determining God’s will; Nm 27:21
  7. 28:16 Lit a span its length and a span its width
  8. 28:17 Many of these stones cannot be identified with certainty.
  9. 28:17 Or beryl
  10. 28:18 Or malachite, or garnet
  11. 28:18 Hb obscure; LXX, Vg read jasper
  12. 28:19 Hb obscure
  13. 28:22 The same chains mentioned in v. 14
  14. 28:27 The place where the shoulder pieces join the front of the ephod

18 Samuel served in the Lord’s presence(A)—this mere boy was dressed in the linen ephod.(B)

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