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I. Introduction: The Oppression of the Israelites in Egypt

Chapter 1

Jacob’s Descendants in Egypt. These are the names of the sons of Israel[a] who, accompanied by their households, entered into Egypt with Jacob:

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  1. 1:1 Sons of Israel: here literally the first-generation sons of Jacob/Israel. Cf. v. 5. However, beginning with v. 7 the same Hebrew phrase refers to Jacob’s more remote descendants; hence, from there on, it is ordinarily rendered “the Israelites.” Households: the family in its fullest sense, including wives, children and servants.

To Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau.(A) To Esau I assigned the mountain region of Seir to possess, while Jacob and his children went down to Egypt.

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10 Later, when famine had gripped the land of Canaan, they went down into Egypt. They stayed there as long as they found sustenance and there they grew into such a great multitude that the number of their people could not be counted.(A)

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15 and Jacob went down to Egypt. And he and our ancestors died(A)

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