1599 Geneva Bible
21 Temporal and civil ordinances appointed by God touching servitude, murders, and wrongs: the observation whereof doth not justify a man, but are given to bridle our corrupt nature, which else would break out into all mischief and cruelty.
1 Now these are the laws, which thou shalt set before them:
3 If he [b]came himself alone, he shall go out himself alone: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.
4 If his master hath given him a wife and she hath borne him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her [c]master’s, but he shall go out himself alone.
5 But if the servant say thus, I love my master, my wife and my children, I will not go out free,
7 Likewise if a man [g]sell his daughter to be a servant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.
9 But if he hath betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her [j]according to the custom of the daughters.
10 If he take [k]him another wife, he shall not diminish her food, her raiment, and recompense of her virginity.
11 And if he do not these [l]three unto her, then shall she go out free, paying no money.
12 ¶ (B)He that smiteth a man, and he die, shall die the death.
13 And if a man hath not laid wait, but [m]God hath offered him into his hand, then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.
15 ¶ Also he that smiteth his father or his mother, shall die the death.
16 ¶ And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, if it be found with him, shall die the death.
17 ¶ (D)And he that curseth his father or his mother, shall die the death.
18 When men also strive together, and one smite another with a [o]stone, or with the fist, and he die not but lieth in bed.
20 ¶ And if a man smite his servant, or his maid with a rod, and he die under his hand, he shall be surely punished.
21 But if he continue a day or two days, he shall not [r]be punished: for he is his money.
22 ¶ Also if men strive and hurt a woman with child, so that her child depart from her and [s]death follow not, he shall be surely punished, according as the woman’s husband shall appoint him, or he shall pay as the [t]Judges determine.
23 But if death follow, then thou shalt pay life for life.
25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.
26 ¶ And if a man smite his servant in the eye, or his maid in the eye, and hath perished it, he shall let him go free for his eye.
27 Also if he smite [v]out his servant’s tooth, or his maid’s tooth, he shall let him go out free for his tooth.
29 If the ox were wont to push in times past, and it hath been [x]told his master, and he hath not kept him, and after he killeth a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned, and his owner shall die also.
30 If there be set to him a [y]sum of money, then he shall pay the ransom of his life, whatsoever shall be laid upon him.
31 Whether he hath gored a son, or gored a daughter, he shall be judged after the same manner.
32 If the ox gore a servant or a maid, he shall give unto their master thirty [z]shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.
33 ¶ And when a man shall open a well, or when he shall dig a pit and cover it not, and an ox or an ass fall therein,
34 The owner of the pit shall [aa]make it good, and give money to the owner thereof, but the dead beast shall be his.
35 ¶ And if a man’s ox hurt his neighbor’s ox that he die, then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money thereof, and the dead ox also they shall divide.
36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in times past, and his master hath not kept him, he shall pay ox for ox, but the dead shall be his own.
- Exodus 21:2 Paying no money for his liberty.
- Exodus 21:3 Not having wife nor children.
- Exodus 21:4 Till her time of servitude was expired which might be the seventh year or the fiftieth.
- Exodus 21:6 Hebrew, gods.
- Exodus 21:6 Where the judges sat.
- Exodus 21:6 That is, to the year of Jubilee, which was every fiftieth year.
- Exodus 21:7 Constrained either by poverty, or else to the intent that the master should marry her.
- Exodus 21:8 By giving another money to buy her of him.
- Exodus 21:8 Or, deflowered her.
- Exodus 21:9 That is, he shall give his dowry.
- Exodus 21:10 For his son.
- Exodus 21:11 Neither marry her himself, nor give another money to buy her, nor bestow her upon his son.
- Exodus 21:13 Though a man be killed at unawares, yet it is God’s providence that it should so be.
- Exodus 21:14 The holiness of the place ought not to defend the murderer.
- Exodus 21:18 Either far off him or near.
- Exodus 21:19 By the civil Justice.
- Exodus 21:19 Or, losing of his time.
- Exodus 21:21 By the civil magistrate, but before God he is a murderer.
- Exodus 21:22 Of the mother or child.
- Exodus 21:22 Or, arbiters.
- Exodus 21:24 The execution of this law only belonged to the magistrate, Matt. 5:38.
- Exodus 21:27 So God revengeth cruelty in the most least things.
- Exodus 21:28 If the beast be punished, much more shall the murderer.
- Exodus 21:29 Or, testified to his.
- Exodus 21:30 By the next of the kindred of him that is so slain.
- Exodus 21:32 Read Gen. 23:15.
- Exodus 21:34 This law forbiddeth not only not to hurt, but to beware lest any be hurt.
New International Version
21 “These are the laws(A) you are to set before them:
2 “If you buy a Hebrew servant,(D) he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free,(E) without paying anything. 3 If he comes alone, he is to go free alone; but if he has a wife when he comes, she is to go with him. 4 If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her master, and only the man shall go free.
5 “But if the servant declares, ‘I love my master and my wife and children and do not want to go free,’(F) 6 then his master must take him before the judges.[a](G) He shall take him to the door or the doorpost and pierce(H) his ear with an awl. Then he will be his servant for life.(I)
7 “If a man sells his daughter as a servant, she is not to go free as male servants do. 8 If she does not please the master who has selected her for himself,[b] he must let her be redeemed. He has no right to sell her to foreigners, because he has broken faith with her. 9 If he selects her for his son, he must grant her the rights of a daughter. 10 If he marries another woman, he must not deprive the first one of her food, clothing and marital rights.(J) 11 If he does not provide her with these three things, she is to go free, without any payment of money.
12 “Anyone who strikes a person with a fatal blow is to be put to death.(K) 13 However, if it is not done intentionally, but God lets it happen, they are to flee to a place(L) I will designate. 14 But if anyone schemes and kills someone deliberately,(M) that person is to be taken from my altar and put to death.(N)
15 “Anyone who attacks[c] their father or mother is to be put to death.
17 “Anyone who curses their father or mother is to be put to death.(Q)
18 “If people quarrel and one person hits another with a stone or with their fist[d] and the victim does not die but is confined to bed, 19 the one who struck the blow will not be held liable if the other can get up and walk around outside with a staff; however, the guilty party must pay the injured person for any loss of time and see that the victim is completely healed.
20 “Anyone who beats their male or female slave with a rod must be punished if the slave dies as a direct result, 21 but they are not to be punished if the slave recovers after a day or two, since the slave is their property.(R)
22 “If people are fighting and hit a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely[e] but there is no serious injury, the offender must be fined whatever the woman’s husband demands(S) and the court allows. 23 But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life,(T) 24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth,(U) hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.
26 “An owner who hits a male or female slave in the eye and destroys it must let the slave go free to compensate for the eye. 27 And an owner who knocks out the tooth of a male or female slave must let the slave go free to compensate for the tooth.
28 “If a bull gores a man or woman to death, the bull is to be stoned to death,(V) and its meat must not be eaten. But the owner of the bull will not be held responsible. 29 If, however, the bull has had the habit of goring and the owner has been warned but has not kept it penned up(W) and it kills a man or woman, the bull is to be stoned and its owner also is to be put to death. 30 However, if payment is demanded, the owner may redeem his life by the payment of whatever is demanded.(X) 31 This law also applies if the bull gores a son or daughter. 32 If the bull gores a male or female slave, the owner must pay thirty shekels[f](Y) of silver to the master of the slave, and the bull is to be stoned to death.
33 “If anyone uncovers a pit(Z) or digs one and fails to cover it and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34 the one who opened the pit must pay the owner for the loss and take the dead animal in exchange.
35 “If anyone’s bull injures someone else’s bull and it dies, the two parties are to sell the live one and divide both the money and the dead animal equally. 36 However, if it was known that the bull had the habit of goring, yet the owner did not keep it penned up,(AA) the owner must pay, animal for animal, and take the dead animal in exchange.