18 Mount Sinai was completely enveloped in smoke because the Lord came down on it in fire.(A) Its smoke went up like the smoke of a furnace,(B) and the whole mountain shook violently.(C)

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18 Mount Sinai was covered with smoke,(A) because the Lord descended on it in fire.(B) The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace,(C) and the whole mountain[a] trembled(D) violently.

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Footnotes

  1. Exodus 19:18 Most Hebrew manuscripts; a few Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint and all the people

The People’s Reaction

18 All the people witnessed[a] the thunder and lightning, the sound of the ram’s horn, and the mountain surrounded by smoke. When the people saw it[b] they trembled and stood at a distance.(A)

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Footnotes

  1. 20:18 Lit saw
  2. 20:18 Sam, LXX, Syr, Tg, Vg read smoke. The people (or they) were afraid,

18 When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet(A) and saw the mountain in smoke,(B) they trembled with fear.(C) They stayed at a distance

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Then the Lord will create(A) a cloud of smoke by day(B) and a glowing flame of fire by night over the entire site of Mount Zion and over its assemblies. For there will be a canopy over all the glory,[a]

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Footnotes

  1. 4:5 Or For glory will be a canopy over all

Then the Lord will create(A) over all of Mount Zion(B) and over those who assemble there a cloud of smoke by day and a glow of flaming fire by night;(C) over everything the glory[a](D) will be a canopy.(E)

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Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 4:5 Or over all the glory there

The foundations of the doorways shook(A) at the sound of their voices, and the temple was filled with smoke.

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At the sound of their voices the doorposts and thresholds shook and the temple was filled with smoke.(A)

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