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And the dust returns to the earth as it once was,
    and the life breath returns to God who gave it.[a](A)
Vanity of vanities, says Qoheleth,
    all things are vanity!(B)

Epilogue. [b]Besides being wise, Qoheleth taught the people knowledge, and weighed, scrutinized and arranged many proverbs.

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  1. 12:7 Death is portrayed in terms of the description of creation in Gn 2:7; the body corrupts in the grave, and the life breath (lit., “spirit”), or gift of life, returns to God who had breathed upon what he had formed.
  2. 12:9 A disciple briefly describes and praises the master’s skill and reputation as a sage.

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