23 1 What men ought not to be admitted to office. 9 What they ought to avoid when they go to war. 15 Of the fugitive servant. 17 To flee all kinds of whoredom. 19 Of usury. 21 Of vows. 24 Of the neighbor’s vine and corn.

None that is hurt by bursting, or that hath his privy member cut off, [a]shall enter into the Congregation of the Lord.

[b]A bastard shall not enter into the Congregation of the Lord: even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the Congregation of the Lord.

(A)The Ammonites and the Moabites shall not enter into the Congregation of the Lord: even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the Congregation of the Lord forever,

Because they [c]met you not with bread and water in the way, when ye came out of Egypt, and (B)because they hired against thee Balaam the son of Beor, of Pethor in Aram-naharaim, to curse thee.

Nevertheless, the Lord thy God would not hearken unto Balaam, but the Lord thy God turned the curse to a blessing unto thee, because the Lord thy God loved thee.

Thou [d]shall not seek their peace, nor their prosperity all thy days forever.

¶ Thou shalt not abhor an Edomite: for he is thy brother, neither shalt thou abhor an Egyptian, because thou wast a stranger in his land.

The children that are begotten [e]of them in their third generation, shall enter into the Congregation of the Lord.

¶ When thou goest out with the host against thine enemies, keep thee then from all wickedness.

10 ¶ If there be among you any that is unclean by that which cometh to him by night, he shall go out of the host, and shall not enter into the host,

11 But at even he shall wash himself with water, and when the sun is down, he shall enter into the host.

12 ¶ Thou shalt have a place also without the host, whither thou shalt [f]resort,

13 And thou shalt have a paddle among thy weapons, and when thou wouldest sit down without, thou shalt dig therewith, and returning, thou shalt [g]cover thine excrements.

14 For the Lord thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp to deliver thee, and to give thee thine enemies before thee: therefore thine host shall be holy, that he see no filthy thing in thee, and turn away from thee.

15 ¶ Thou shalt not [h]deliver the servant unto his master, which is escaped from his master unto thee.

16 He shall dwell with thee, even among you, in what place he shall choose, in one of thy [i]cities where it liketh him best: thou shalt not vex him.

17 ¶ There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, neither shall there be a whore keeper of the sons of Israel.

18 ¶ Thou shalt neither bring the [j]hire of a whore, nor the price of a dog into the house of the Lord thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the Lord thy God.

19 (C)Thou shalt not give to usury to thy brother: as usury of money, usury of meat, usury of anything that is put to usury.

20 Unto a [k]stranger thou mayest lend upon usury, but thou shalt not lend upon usury unto thy brother, that the Lord thy God may [l]bless thee in all that thou settest thine hand to, in the land whither thou goest to possess it.

21 ¶ When thou shalt vow a vow unto the Lord thy God, thou shalt not be slack to pay it: for the Lord thy God will surely require it of thee, and so it should be sin unto thee.

22 But when thou abstainest from vowing, it shall be no sin unto thee.

23 That which is gone out of thy lips, thou shalt [m]keep and perform, as thou hast vowed it willingly unto the Lord thy God: for thou hast spoken it with thy mouth.

24 ¶ When thou comest unto [n]thy neighbor’s vineyard, then thou mayest eat grapes at thy pleasure, as much as thou wilt: but thou shalt put none in thy [o]vessel.

25 When thou comest unto thy neighbor’s corn, (D)thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand, but thou shalt not move a sickle to thy neighbor’s corn.

Footnotes

  1. Deuteronomy 23:1 Either to bear office, or to marry a wife.
  2. Deuteronomy 23:2 This was to cause them to live chastely, that their posterity might not be rejected.
  3. Deuteronomy 23:4 Hereby he condemneth all that further not the children of God in their vocation.
  4. Deuteronomy 23:6 Thou shalt have nothing to do with them.
  5. Deuteronomy 23:8 If the fathers have renounced their idolatry, and received circumcision.
  6. Deuteronomy 23:12 For the necessities of nature.
  7. Deuteronomy 23:13 Meaning hereby that his people should be pure both in body and soul.
  8. Deuteronomy 23:15 This is meant of the heathen, who fled for their masters’ cruelty, and embraced the true religion.
  9. Deuteronomy 23:16 Hebrew, gates.
  10. Deuteronomy 23:18 Forbidding hereby that any gain gotten of evil things should be applied to the service of God, Mic. 2:7.
  11. Deuteronomy 23:20 This was permitted for a time for the hardness of their hearts.
  12. Deuteronomy 23:20 If thou show thy charity to thy brother, God will declare his love toward thee.
  13. Deuteronomy 23:23 If the vow be lawful and godly.
  14. Deuteronomy 23:24 Being hired for to labor.
  15. Deuteronomy 23:24 To bring home to thine house.

Exclusion From the Assembly

23 [a]No one who has been emasculated(A) by crushing or cutting may enter the assembly of the Lord.

No one born of a forbidden marriage[b] nor any of their descendants may enter the assembly of the Lord, not even in the tenth generation.

No Ammonite(B) or Moabite or any of their descendants may enter the assembly of the Lord, not even in the tenth generation.(C) For they did not come to meet you with bread and water(D) on your way when you came out of Egypt, and they hired Balaam(E) son of Beor from Pethor in Aram Naharaim[c](F) to pronounce a curse on you.(G) However, the Lord your God would not listen to Balaam but turned the curse(H) into a blessing for you, because the Lord your God loves(I) you. Do not seek a treaty(J) of friendship with them as long as you live.(K)

Do not despise an Edomite,(L) for the Edomites are related to you.(M) Do not despise an Egyptian, because you resided as foreigners in their country.(N) The third generation of children born to them may enter the assembly of the Lord.

Uncleanness in the Camp

When you are encamped against your enemies, keep away from everything impure.(O) 10 If one of your men is unclean because of a nocturnal emission, he is to go outside the camp and stay there.(P) 11 But as evening approaches he is to wash himself, and at sunset(Q) he may return to the camp.(R)

12 Designate a place outside the camp where you can go to relieve yourself. 13 As part of your equipment have something to dig with, and when you relieve yourself, dig a hole and cover up your excrement. 14 For the Lord your God moves(S) about in your camp to protect you and to deliver your enemies to you. Your camp must be holy,(T) so that he will not see among you anything indecent and turn away from you.

Miscellaneous Laws

15 If a slave has taken refuge(U) with you, do not hand them over to their master.(V) 16 Let them live among you wherever they like and in whatever town they choose. Do not oppress(W) them.

17 No Israelite man(X) or woman is to become a shrine prostitute.(Y) 18 You must not bring the earnings of a female prostitute or of a male prostitute[d] into the house of the Lord your God to pay any vow, because the Lord your God detests them both.(Z)

19 Do not charge a fellow Israelite interest, whether on money or food or anything else that may earn interest.(AA) 20 You may charge a foreigner(AB) interest, but not a fellow Israelite, so that the Lord your God may bless(AC) you in everything you put your hand to in the land you are entering to possess.

21 If you make a vow to the Lord your God, do not be slow to pay it,(AD) for the Lord your God will certainly demand it of you and you will be guilty of sin.(AE) 22 But if you refrain from making a vow, you will not be guilty.(AF) 23 Whatever your lips utter you must be sure to do, because you made your vow freely to the Lord your God with your own mouth.

24 If you enter your neighbor’s vineyard, you may eat all the grapes you want, but do not put any in your basket. 25 If you enter your neighbor’s grainfield, you may pick kernels with your hands, but you must not put a sickle to their standing grain.(AG)

Footnotes

  1. Deuteronomy 23:1 In Hebrew texts 23:1-25 is numbered 23:2-26.
  2. Deuteronomy 23:2 Or one of illegitimate birth
  3. Deuteronomy 23:4 That is, Northwest Mesopotamia
  4. Deuteronomy 23:18 Hebrew of a dog

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