The Passion Translation
Saul and Barnabas Sent Out as Apostles
13 In the church at Antioch there were a number of prophets and teachers of the Word, including Barnabas, Simeon from Niger,[a] Lucius the Libyan, Manean (the childhood companion of King Herod Antipas),[b] and Saul. 2 While they were worshiping as priests[c] before the Lord in prayer and fasting, the Holy Spirit said,[d] “I have called Barnabas and Saul to do an important work for me. Now, release them[e] to go and fulfill it.” 3 So after they had fasted and prayed, they laid hands on them and sent them off.[f]
4–5 So Saul and Barnabas, and their assistant Mark (known as John), were directed by the Holy Spirit to go to Seleucia,[g] and from there they sailed to Cyprus.[h] When they arrived at Salamis,[i] they went to the synagogues and preached the manifestation of our Lord.[j] 6 From there they crossed the island as far as Paphos,[k] where they encountered a Jewish false prophet, a sorcerer named Elymas,[l] who also went by the name of “son of Jesus.”[m] 7 He had gained influence as the spiritual advisor to the regional governor, Sergius Paulus, considered by many to be a wise and intelligent leader. The governor requested a meeting with Barnabas and Saul because he wanted to hear the message of God’s word.[n] 8 But Elymas, whose name means “sorcerer,”[o] stood up against them and tried to prevent the governor from believing their message.
9 Saul, also known as Paul,[p] stared into his eyes and rebuked him. Filled with the Holy Spirit, he said, 10 “You son of the devil![q] You are full of every form of fraud and deceit and an enemy of all that is right. When will you stop perverting the truth of God into lies? 11 At this very moment the hand of God’s judgment comes down upon you and you will be blind—so blind you won’t even be able to see the light of the sun.”[r]
As Paul spoke these words, a shadowy mist[s] and darkness came over the sorcerer, leaving him blind and groping about, begging someone to lead him around by the hand. 12 When the governor witnessed this, he believed and was awestruck by the power of the message of the Lord.
Paul and Barnabas at Antioch in Turkey
13 Paul and his companions sailed from the Cyprus port of Paphos to Perga in southern Turkey.[t] John left them[u] there and returned to Jerusalem 14 as they journeyed on to the city of Antioch in the region of Pisidia.[v]
On the Sabbath they went into the synagogue and took their seats. 15 After the reading from the scrolls of the books of Moses and the prophets, the leader of the meeting[w] sent Paul and Barnabas a message, saying, “Brothers, do you have a word of encouragement to share with us? If so, please feel free to give it.”
16 Paul stood and motioned that he had something to say. He said, “Listen, all of you Jews and non-Jews who worship God. 17 The God of Israel divinely chose our ancestors to be his people. While they were enslaved in Egypt, he made them great, both in numbers and in strength, until he unveiled his mighty power and led them out of bondage.[x] 18 For nearly forty years, he nourished them in the wilderness.[y] 19 He was the one who destroyed the seven nations inhabiting the land of Canaan[z] and afterward gave the land to his people as their inheritance. 20 This took about four hundred and fifty years.[aa]
“Then God raised up deliverers for the people until the time of the prophet Samuel. 21 The people craved for a king, so God gave them one from the tribe of Benjamin: Saul, the son of Kish, who ruled for forty years. 22 After removing him, God raised up David to be king, for God said of him, ‘I have found in David, son of Jesse, a man who always pursues my heart[ab] and will accomplish all that I have destined him to do.’[ac]
23 “From David’s lineage God brought Israel a Savior, just as he promised. 24 So before Jesus appeared, John preached the message of a baptism of repentance[ad] to prepare all of Israel. 25 As John was about to finish his mission, he said repeatedly, ‘If you think that I am the one to come, you’re mistaken. He will come after me, and I don’t even deserve to stoop down and untie his sandals!’
26 “Fellow Jews, Abraham’s descendants, and all those among you who worship and reverence God, this message of life[ae] has been sent for us all to hear. 27 But the people of Jerusalem and their leaders didn’t realize who he was, nor did they understand the prophecies written of him. Yet they fulfilled those very prophecies, which they read week after week in their meetings, by condemning him to death. 28 Even though they could come up with no legal grounds for the death sentence, they pleaded with Pilate to have him executed. 29 And they did to him all that was prophesied they would do.
“Then they took him down from the cross and laid him in a tomb. 30 But God raised him from the dead! 31 And for many days afterward he appeared on numerous occasions to his disciples who knew him well and had followed him from Galilee to Jerusalem. Those disciples are now his witnesses,[af] telling the people the truth about him.
32 “So here we are to share with you some wonderful news! The promise God made to our forefathers 33 has now been fulfilled for us, their children. For God has raised Jesus from the dead, as it says in Psalms:
‘Today I reveal you as my Son, and I as your Father.’[ag]
34 “God had promised to not let him decay in the tomb or face destruction again, so God raised him from the dead. He gave this promise in the Psalms:
35 “He explains it further in another Psalm:
‘You will not allow your holy one
to experience bodily decay.’[ak]
36 “This cannot be a reference to David, for after he passionately served God’s desires for his generation, he died. He was buried with his ancestors and his body experienced decay. 37 But the one whom God raised from the dead has never experienced corruption in any form.
38 “So listen, friends! Through this Jesus, the forgiveness[al] of sins is offered to you. 39 Everyone who believes in him is set free from sin and guilt—something the law of Moses had no power to do. 40 So be very careful that what the prophets warned about does not happen to you:
42 As Paul and Barnabas started to leave, the people pleaded with them to share more about these things on the next Sabbath day. 43 When the meeting had finally broken up, many of those in attendance, both Jews and converts to Judaism, tagged along with Paul and Barnabas, who continued to persuade them to go deeper in their understanding of God’s grace.
44 The following week, nearly everyone in the city gathered to hear the word of God. 45 When the Jewish leaders saw the size of the crowds, vicious jealousy filled their hearts and they rose up to oppose what Paul was teaching. They insulted him[ao] and argued with him over everything he said.
46 Yet Paul and Barnabas did not back down. Filled with courage, they boldly replied, “We were compelled to bring God’s message[ap] first to you Jews. But seeing you’ve rejected this message and refuse to embrace eternal life,[aq] we will focus instead on the nations and offer it to them. 47 This will fulfill what the Lord has commanded us:
‘I have destined you to become
a beacon light for the nations
and release salvation to the ends of the earth!’ ”[ar]
48 When the non-Jewish people in the crowd heard these words, they were thrilled and they honored[as] the word of the Lord. All who believed that they were destined to experience eternal life received the message.[at] 49 God’s word spread like wildfire throughout the entire region.
50 The Jewish leaders stirred up a violent mob against Paul and Barnabas, including many prominent and wealthy people of the city. They persecuted them and ran them out of town. 51 As they left, they shook the dust off their feet as a sign of protest against them, and they went on to the city of Iconium.[au] 52 They left the new converts in Antioch overflowing with the joy of the Holy Spirit.
- Acts 13:1 The Aramaic word niger means “someone who works with wood, a carpenter.” The Latin word niger means “black.”
- Acts 13:1 Or “who was like a brother to Herod the tetrarch.”
- Acts 13:2 Or “serving the Lord.” The Greek word used here is also used for priestly duties.
- Acts 13:2 Here we see the Lord of the harvest, the Holy Spirit, sending out laborers into the harvest field. The Holy Spirit speaks in many different ways. Perhaps he spoke a prophecy through one of the prophets in the church, or a divine voice may have interrupted their worship. God’s Spirit still speaks today in any way he chooses.
- Acts 13:2 Or “appoint them.” The Greek word used here is found in the Septuagint of Num. 8:11 for consecrating Levites for God’s service as priests.
- Acts 13:3 Or “dispatched them” (a military term). This was the commissioning of Barnabas and Saul as apostles. The word apostle means “sent one.” They were sent by the Holy Spirit and by the church and released as missionaries. The New Testament shows there were many other apostles besides the Twelve. See also Eph. 4:11-13.
- Acts 13:4 Implied in the text. Seleucia (modern-day Samandag) was a coastal city in Syria from which Paul and Barnabas left with John Mark for their first missionary journey in AD 49. Seleucia means “white light.”
- Acts 13:4 Cyprus was the home of Barnabas.
- Acts 13:4 Salamis is a city on the southeastern coast of Cyprus. Salamis means “in the middle of salty water.”
- Acts 13:4 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “the word of God.”
- Acts 13:6 Paphos is a city on the southwestern coast of Cyprus. Paphos means “boiling hot.”
- Acts 13:6 Or “spiritual advisor.” The Greek word magos is often translated “astrologer.” Although the text does not give us his name, Elymas, until v. 8, it is included here for the sake of the English narrative.
- Acts 13:6 Or “Bar-Jesus” (son of Joshua). The Aramaic is “Bar-Shuma.”
- Acts 13:7 The Aramaic can be translated “the manifestation of God.”
- Acts 13:8 The Aramaic name Elymas means “magician” or “sorcerer.” This would be similar to the Arabic name Alumas, which also means “magician.”
- Acts 13:9 From here on in Acts, Saul is only referred to as Paul. Saul means “sought after,” and Paul means “little.” The name change is descriptive of what happened within Paul, leaving behind greatness in his own eyes and being content to be insignificant. This is the journey every believer must take.
- Acts 13:10 Or “son of the accuser.”
- Acts 13:11 The Aramaic is “until the end of the age.”
- Acts 13:11 The Aramaic can be translated “gloom.”
- Acts 13:13 Or “Pamphylia,” which may mean “a place of mingled races.” It is a region in southern Turkey.
- Acts 13:13 The sudden departure of John from the team became an issue between Paul and Barnabas. See Acts 15:36-39.
- Acts 13:14 Antioch in the region of Pisidia is situated in the Sultandag Mountains about one hundred miles north of Perga. This would have been an arduous journey from the sea into the mountains. God was directing his missionaries where to go.
- Acts 13:15 Or “president of the synagogue.”
- Acts 13:17 See Ex. 6:6; 12:51.
- Acts 13:18 As translated from the Aramaic and some Greek manuscripts. See also Ex. 16:35; Num. 14:34.
- Acts 13:19 See Deut. 7:1.
- Acts 13:20 There is much debate over where this clause fits. It is possible that it would go with the next sentence, “For four hundred and fifty years God raised up deliverers.”
- Acts 13:22 See 1 Sam. 13:14; Ps. 89:19-29.
- Acts 13:22 Or “he will do all my pleasure.”
- Acts 13:24 The Aramaic is “the baptism of grace.”
- Acts 13:26 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is, “the message of salvation.” See Ps. 107:20.
- Acts 13:31 The Greek word for “witnesses” can also be translated “martyrs.”
- Acts 13:33 See Ps. 2:7.
- Acts 13:34 The Greek is plural, “you all,” or “to you and yours.”
- Acts 13:34 Or “decrees.” See Isa. 55:3.
- Acts 13:34 The Aramaic is “I will give to you the grace [favor] I gave to faithful David.”
- Acts 13:35 See Ps. 16:10.
- Acts 13:38 Or “cancellation.”
- Acts 13:41 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “Be amazed and perish, you scoffers.”
- Acts 13:41 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek text seems to quote from the Septuagint version of Hab. 1:5, “I am doing a work in your days that you won’t believe even when it is announced to you.”
- Acts 13:45 Or “blasphemed.”
- Acts 13:46 Or “word.”
- Acts 13:46 Or “You view yourselves as unworthy of eternal life.”
- Acts 13:47 See Isa. 42:6; 49:6; 60:1-3.
- Acts 13:48 Or “praised.”
- Acts 13:48 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “Those who were appointed to experience eternal life believed.” The Greek word for “appointed” can also be translated “stationed in battle order.”
- Acts 13:51 This is present-day Konya, a large city about sixty-two miles (one hundred kilometers) from Antioch. This journey would have taken a number of days. Iconium means “small image” (idol). In Israel, Iconium is a girl’s name that means “coming.”