David’s Mighty Men

10 (A)Now these are the heads of the mighty men whom David had, who gave him strong support in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, (B)according to the word of the Lord concerning Israel. 11 These constitute the list of the mighty men whom David had: (C)Jashobeam, the son of a Hachmonite, (D)the chief of the thirty; he lifted up his spear against three hundred [a]whom he killed at one time.

12 After him was Eleazar the son of (E)Dodo, the Ahohite, who was [b]one of the three mighty men. 13 He was with David at [c]Pasdammim (F)when the Philistines were gathered together there to battle, and there was a plot of ground full of barley; and the people fled before the Philistines. 14 They took their stand in the midst of the plot and defended it, and struck down the Philistines; and the Lord saved them by a great [d]victory.

15 Now three of the thirty chief men went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam, while (G)the army of the Philistines was camping in the valley of Rephaim. 16 David was then in the stronghold, while (H)the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem. 17 David had a craving and said, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!” 18 So the three broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water from the well of Bethlehem which was by the gate, and took it and brought it to David; nevertheless David would not drink it, but poured it out to the Lord; 19 and he said, “Be it far from me before my God that I should do this. Shall I drink the blood of these men who went [e]at the risk of their lives? For at the risk of their lives they brought it.” Therefore he would not drink it. These things the three mighty men did.

20 As for [f]Abshai the brother of Joab, he was chief of the [g]thirty, and he swung his spear against three hundred [h]and killed them; and he had a name as well as the [i]thirty. 21 Of the three in the second rank he was the most honored and became their commander; however, he did not attain to the first three.

22 (I)Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, mighty in deeds, struck down the [j]two sons of Ariel of Moab. He also went down and [k]killed a lion inside a pit on a snowy day. 23 He [l]killed an Egyptian, a man of great stature five [m]cubits tall. Now in the Egyptian’s hand was (J)a spear like a weaver’s beam, but he went down to him with a club and snatched the spear from the Egyptian’s hand and [n]killed him with his own spear. 24 These things Benaiah the son of Jehoiada did, and had a name as well as the three mighty men. 25 Behold, he was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three; and David appointed him over his guard.

26 Now the mighty men of the armies were Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 27 [o]Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the [p]Pelonite, 28 Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abiezer the Anathothite, 29 [q]Sibbecai the Hushathite, [r]Ilai the Ahohite, 30 Maharai the Netophathite, [s]Heled the son of Baanah the Netophathite, 31 Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the sons of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite, 32 [t]Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, [u]Abiel the Arbathite, 33 Azmaveth the Baharumite, Eliahba the Shaalbonite, 34 the sons of [v]Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shagee the Hararite, 35 Ahiam the son of [w]Sacar the Hararite, [x]Eliphal the son of Ur, 36 Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite, 37 Hezro the Carmelite, [y]Naarai the son of Ezbai, 38 Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri, 39 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite, the armor bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah, 40 Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 41 Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai, 42 Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a chief of the Reubenites, and thirty with him, 43 Hanan the son of Maacah and Joshaphat the Mithnite, 44 Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite, 45 Jediael the son of Shimri and Joha his brother, the Tizite, 46 Eliel the Mahavite and Jeribai and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite, 47 Eliel and Obed and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.

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Footnotes

  1. 1 Chronicles 11:11 Lit slain ones
  2. 1 Chronicles 11:12 Lit among
  3. 1 Chronicles 11:13 In 1 Sam 17:1, Ephesdammim
  4. 1 Chronicles 11:14 Or salvation
  5. 1 Chronicles 11:19 Lit with their souls
  6. 1 Chronicles 11:20 In 2 Sam 23:18, Abishai
  7. 1 Chronicles 11:20 So Syriac; M.T. three
  8. 1 Chronicles 11:20 Lit slain ones
  9. 1 Chronicles 11:20 So Syriac; M.T. three
  10. 1 Chronicles 11:22 Or two lion-like heroes of
  11. 1 Chronicles 11:22 Lit smote
  12. 1 Chronicles 11:23 Lit smote
  13. 1 Chronicles 11:23 I.e. One cubit equals approx 18 in.
  14. 1 Chronicles 11:23 Lit smote
  15. 1 Chronicles 11:27 In 2 Sam 23:25, Shammah the Harodite
  16. 1 Chronicles 11:27 In 2 Sam 23:26, Paltite
  17. 1 Chronicles 11:29 In 2 Sam 23:27, Mebunnai
  18. 1 Chronicles 11:29 In 2 Sam 23:28, Zalmon
  19. 1 Chronicles 11:30 In 2 Sam 23:29, Heleb
  20. 1 Chronicles 11:32 In 2 Sam 23:30, Hiddai
  21. 1 Chronicles 11:32 In 2 Sam 23:31, Abi-albon
  22. 1 Chronicles 11:34 In 2 Sam 23:32, Jashen
  23. 1 Chronicles 11:35 In 2 Sam 23:33, Sharar
  24. 1 Chronicles 11:35 In 2 Sam 23:34, Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai
  25. 1 Chronicles 11:37 In 2 Sam 23:35, Paarai the Arbite

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